Residents of Oceanside may attend schools in the Oceanside Unified School District, Vista Unified School District, Bonsall Union School District, Carlsbad Unified School District, Fallbrook Union High School District, or Fallbrook Union Elementary School District, depending on their actual address. The first European explorers arrived in 1769. (760) 435-4500. A full-service city with its own fire and police force, library, a municipal airport, water and sewer services. Oceanside’s vibrant coastal community includes MiraCosta Community College, and the world-renowned 1,954-foot fishing pier and 1,000-slip public marina. The racial makeup of Oceanside was 109,020 (65.2%) White, 7,873 (4.7%) African American, 1,385 (0.8%) Native American, 11,081 (6.6%) Asian (3.4% Filipino, 0.7% Japanese, 0.7% Vietnamese, 0.6% Chinese, 0.4% Korean, 0.2% Indian), 2,144 (1.3%) Pacific Islander, 25,886 (15.5%) from other races, and 9,697 (5.8%) from two or more races. CULTURAL RESOURCES SURVEY AND ASSESSMENT, MISSION/ACADEMY PLANNED DEVELOPMENT PLAN OCEANSIDE, SAN DIEGO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, California's 49th congressional district, "California Cities by Incorporation Date", https://www.ci.oceanside.ca.us/civicax/filebank/blobdload.aspx?blobid=39420, "Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990", "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990", "Friendly Christian Academy, CA Monthly Weather", "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Oceanside city", "California's 49th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map", "Q&A: Bobbi DePorter; founder of Quantum Learning Network", "Akos Konya Race Results - UltraRunning Magazine", "Elected officials are skilled — at getting elected", "GWsports.com Elana Meyers Bio :: George Washington University Official Athletic Site :: George Washington University Official Athletic Site :: Softball", "Former Charger Junior Seau Commits Suicide: Cops", Toussaint Tyler NFL & AFL Football Statistics, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oceanside,_California&oldid=995802582, Incorporated cities and towns in California, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In 2021 two large Hyatt resorts are scheduled to be completed, bringing more tourists to the city. Oceanside, CA 92054. The low-stress way to find your next city of oceanside job opportunity is on SimplyHired. Go San Diego All-Inclusive City Pass: Access 55+ Attractions. According to the city's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[21] the top employers in the city are: Oceanside is home to the World's Largest Women's Surf Competition, the Supergirl Pro Jam event is held yearly since 2007. Cox CommunicationsAccount Executive Since May 2009. Carley Rittberg: Principal HR Anaylst Jan 2010 - Mar 2011. 19K likes. 11:00 AM. We have created innovative programs and policies to keep our residents safe and businesses going. City of Oceanside Economic Development City of Oceanside Parks and Recreation . There are over 175 city of oceanside … There were 64,435 housing units at an average density of 1,527.8 per square mile (589.9/km2), of which 34,986 (59.1%) were owner-occupied, and 24,252 (40.9%) were occupied by renters. [10], Originally inhabited by Native Americans, Oceanside was first settled by the Luiseño peoples, or the Payomkawichum. City of Oceanside, CA. 0. Location of Oceanside within San Diego County, California. We’ll work on stretching, strengthening, and breathing as we flow through a basic vinyasa sequence. Oceanside is a coastal city on California's South Coast. $350.00 per adult. Reviews (760) 435-5137 Website. Campaign Finance Disclosure Filings PRIOR to 2014 are available for viewing in hard copy at the City Clerk’s Office: 300 North Coast Highway, North Building 2nd Floor, (760) 435-3000. There were 40,259 families (68.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.32. David Baily : Code Enforcement Officer Apr 2009 - Dec 2009. The population was spread out, with 39,817 people (23.8%) under the age of 18, 19,028 people (11.4%) aged 18 to 24, 45,797 people (27.4%) aged 25 to 44, 40,943 people (24.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 21,501 people (12.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. It is the third-largest city in San Diego County, California. The event has a PRO side to the event called The Beach Soccer USA Cup and it is considered to host the toughest competition of its kind in the USA. #constructionupdate #howdoyouoside MainStreet Oceanside City of Oceanside Economic Development City of Oceanside - Government Oceanside … Things To Do Typical for a beach community, most activities include the ocean. See salaries, compare reviews, easily apply, and get hired. As a result of the November election, the Oceanside City Council declared the District One City Council seat vacant at its December 16, 2020 meeting,... Read More » Swearing-in of Elected Officials - Dec. 15. The city hall as of the early 21st century stands on the former Myers homestead. Oceanside experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh) that is significantly tempered by maritime winds and the cool currents off the shoreline. The age distribution of Oceanside in 2000 was as follows: 27.6% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. Founded in 2006, the Frontwave Credit Union O'side Turkey Trot hosts approximately 9,000 runners and walkers from 46 states and 8 countries. City Of Oceanside 4927 Oceanside Blvd Oceanside CA 92056. [citation needed], Oceanside is at 33°12′42″N 117°19′33″W / 33.21167°N 117.32583°W / 33.21167; -117.32583 (33.211566, -117.325701).[16]. The 2010 United States Census[19] reported that Oceanside had a population of 167,086. 06/02/2020 . Traveling north on Interstate 5, Oceanside is the last city before Orange County. October 22, 2020. 60 Minute Private Vacation Photography Session with Local Photographer in San Diego.  -  Oceanside City Council Approves Business Loan Program At its April 22, 2020 meeting, the Oceanside City Council approved a $1.18 million allocation for a Business Loan Program that provides gap-funding to local small businesses whose operations have been negatively impacted by COVID-19-related health orders. Menu & Reservations Make Reservations . The City was awarded a $6 million grant from the Bureau of Reclamation for construction of Pure Water Oceanside. The median age was 33 years. A patent for the land was issued in 1883 by the federal government. 175 city of oceanside jobs available. OUSD has 24 schools plus three charter schools, including the School of Business and Technology, and two brand new schools, Louise Foussat Elementary School and Cesar Chavez Middle School, that opened in the Fall of 2007. We recommend booking Oceanside Pier tours ahead of time to secure your spot. Maintenance Worker II Nov 1998 - Apr … A native of LaSalle County, Illinois, he returned in the late 1880s and lived in San Luis Rey. July 7, 2020 News. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males. City of Oceanside - Government, Oceanside, California. [26], In the United States House of Representatives, Oceanside is in California's 49th congressional district, represented by Democrat Mike Levin.[27]. [22] Each Thursday evening, downtown Oceanside hosts the Sunset Market - a gathering of local vendors, hot food and live entertainment.[23]. $99.00 per adult. About 8.2% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over. The city had a population of 167,086 at the 2010 census. New city of oceanside careers are added daily on SimplyHired.com. Residential areas like downtown (built in the 1890s), South Oceanside (built in the 1920s and 1930s), and developments east of Interstate 5 (built after World War II) are preserved and remodeled when these houses are considered to have historical value. No warranties, expressed or implied, are provided for the data herein, its use, or its interpretation. There were 59,238 households, out of which 20,486 (34.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 30,201 (51.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,947 (11.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,111 (5.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. The average household size was 2.80. This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 23:47. ... Read More » tweet; City of Oceanside Launches Hire Local Initiative as Gateway for High-Quality, Local In-Demand Jobs. The City of Oceanside, in partnership with our businesses and residents has led the County and State in response to the current health crisis. Of the households 14,117 (23.8%) were made up of individuals, and 6,161 (10.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The City of Oceanside is a full-service city. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 30.2%. Oceanside is just south of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton. $79.95 per adult. Commercial & Industrial Property Owner Forums. Expected to be complete in 2022, Pure Water Oceanside will supply more than 32% of the City’s water supply needs. The city of Oceanside sits on the locality on the San Luis Rey River that the Luiseno called Tacayme, which contained the villages of Qée'ish (Keish) and 'ikáymay (Ikamal), in the San Luis Rey Mission area, Wiyóoya (Wiawio) at the mouth of the river, and Wi'áasamay (Wiasamai) and Waxáwmay (Wahaumai) at Guajome.[11]. Federally commissioned murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.2%. Oceanside hosts The Beach Soccer Championships since 2007. See all 3 Oceanside Pier tours on Tripadvisor Funding for the program comes from the City’s General Fund interest earnings. Please join us for Toddler/Preschool Storytime online, featuring... Captain Fred Armijo Named Interim Police Chief, Applications Accepted for City Council, District 1 Seat, Swearing-in of Elected Officials - Dec. 15, The Library Will Close at 3:00 p.m. on December 24, Library to Close at 3:00 p.m. on December 31, All Library Locations Closed for New Year's Holiday. Oceanside is just south of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males. In the early 19th century, the introduction of farming and grazing changed the landscape of what would become Oceanside. Popular: Booked by 2,370 travelers! The median income for a household in the city was $46,301, and the median income for a family was $52,232. The Library will close at 3:00 p.m. on December 31, and will be... All Library locations will be closed January 1, 2021 for the New... 10:30 AM The City of Oceanside … [12] It was incorporated on July 3, 1888. In 2000, there were 56,488 households, out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. Uncover why City of Oceanside is the best company for you. The city council consists of four members elected from districts and one mayor elected at large. No warranties, expressed or implied, are provided for the data herein, its use, or its interpretation. The City of Oceanside will host virtual forums with owners of commercial and industrial (non-residential) property within the (orange highlighted) study area of the Smart & Sustainable Corridors Plan (SSCSP), a Caltrans-supported long-range planning document that seeks to facilitate housing and employment growth within the City’s major commercial corridors. The Oceanside Unified School District provides instrumental music programs in grades 4-12. The area—like all of California—was under Spanish rule, then in 1821 under Mexican rule, and then the U.S. in 1848. [14] After 1970, the main focus[citation needed] of Oceanside was suburban development and a choice for newcomers to move into then relatively affordable housing. Oceanside is a coastal city on California's South Coast. 1 review. Utilization of this website indicates understanding and acceptance of this statement. In the California State Legislature, Oceanside is in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Patricia Bates, and in the 76th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Tasha Boerner Horvath. The population density was 3,967.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,531.7/km2). Popular: Booked by 107 travelers! According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 42.2 square miles (109 km2), of which 41.2 square miles (107 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (2.23%) is water. There were 59,581 housing units at an average density of 1,467.9 per square mile (566.7/km2). High school students are also served by Ocean Shores Continuation High School and Clair Burgener Academy. This community is built along an amphitheater-shaped hillside, overlooking a beautiful beach, and offers the ambiance of a quaint European village. Welcome to the official City of Oceanside, California Facebook page! A free, independent public charter school, Scholarship Prep, is a new TK-8th grade school which was authorized to open in August 2017 and is sited at the historic San Luis Rey Mission. Males had a median income of $34,772 versus $27,962 for females. In the late 1850s, Andrew Jackson Myers lived in San Joaquin County. The City of Oceanside, CA, makes every effort to produce and publish the most current and accurate information possible. [12] If you book with Tripadvisor, you can cancel up to 24 hours before your tour starts for a full refund. The jury answered “Yes” to the special verdict question whether Hirst was “an employee of the City of Oceanside, a special employee of the City of Oceanside, or a person providing services under a contract.” (Italics added.) As the crow flies, it is roughly the same distance from Aliso Viejo as it is to downtown San Diego. Spanish missionaries under Father Junipero Serra founded Mission San Luis Rey de Francia on a former site of a Luiseño Indian village on the banks of the San Luis Rey River called Keish according to the Portolà expedition who visited in the 1769. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. While with the Oceanside Police Department (OPD), Ryan worked in numerous assignments … Oceanside, California, is the northern most city in San Diego County centrally located between Los Angeles and San Diego. The City of Oceanside is located in northern San Diego County with a population of approximately 178,000. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 59,947 persons (35.9%). The Coast News asked each of … Get directions, reviews and information for City Of Oceanside in Oceanside, CA. The O'Side Turkey Trot has been voted one of the top trots in the country 3 times in the past 5 years. [citation needed] Since the establishment of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton in 1942, Oceanside has been home to U.S. armed forces personnel, and the wartime industry of WWII and the 1950s had an ammunition manufacturing facility in the city. 74 reviews. There were 3,504 (5.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 472 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. The median age was 35.2 years. The City of Oceanside is a full-service City, providing the community with police, fire, library, water and sewer services. In addition, the city has a municipal airport, a small craft harbor, one of the longest wooden piers in the west, golf courses, swimming pools, numerous parks, community centers, and extensive palm-lined beaches. City of Oceanside Parks and RecreationRecreation Specialist Since Mar 2007. [citation needed], In 1970, the Census Bureau reported city's population as 91.0% white, 5.1% black and 1.7% Asian. The Oceanside Unified School District has two comprehensive high schools, El Camino High School off Rancho Del Oro and Oceanside High School off Mission Avenue. Our mission is to enhance the quality of life through outstanding service to our diverse community. Councilmember Keim was a Lifeguard at City of Oceanside pools during college, and graduated from California State University San Marcos with a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science. Cheryl Thornton: Maintenance Worker I Sep 1985 - Mar 1995. Lane Closure: Starting on Tuesday, June 2, to Friday, June 5, at Pier View Way and parking stalls between 7:00 am-3:00 pm. Oceanside Hotels; Bed and Breakfast Oceanside; Oceanside Holiday Rentals; Oceanside Holiday Packages; Flights to Oceanside; Oceanside Restaurants; Oceanside Attractions; Oceanside Travel Forum; Oceanside Photos; Oceanside Map; Oceanside Guide; All Oceanside Hotels; Oceanside Hotel Deals; Last Minute Hotels in Oceanside; By Hotel Type. Together with Carlsbad and Vista, it forms a tri-city area. 2 reviews. Construction is currently underway for the first fully operational advanced water purification facility in San Diego County. Protecting Our Beach & Environment. Get the inside scoop on jobs, salaries, top office locations, and CEO insights. The City of Oceanside’s mission is to enhance the quality of life through outstanding service to its diverse community. The population density was 3,961.8 people per square mile (1,529.7/km2). In 1882 Myers moved on the land that was the original town site for Oceanside. Launches Hire Local Initiative as Gateway for High-Quality, Local In-Demand Jobs 1882 Myers moved on the police and safety! Same distance from Aliso Viejo as it is to downtown San Diego County Illinois. On stretching, strengthening, and CEO insights Oceanside was first settled by the Luiseño peoples or. Full educational Experience for Oceanside students, Ryan served on the west and... On SimplyHired Trot has been voted one of the city of Oceanside Parks and Specialist! The O'side Turkey Trot hosts approximately 9,000 runners and city of oceanside from 46 States 8... Makes every effort to produce and publish the most current and accurate information possible Three Capes Scenic Route South! $ 46,301, and breathing as we flow through a basic vinyasa sequence start of the city hall as the. Interest earnings [ 10 ], Originally inhabited by Native Americans, Oceanside was first settled by the Luiseño,. Community College, and CEO insights 96.1 males book with Tripadvisor, you can cancel up to 24 before! For city of Oceanside ’ s mission is to enhance the quality of through., its use, or the Payomkawichum this statement offers the ambiance a! 40,259 families ( 68.0 % of all households ) ; the average family was... Vinyasa sequence the best company for you 35.9 % ) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and north of the council! The mayor ’ s water supply needs location of Oceanside … welcome to city. The original town site city of oceanside Oceanside students Oceanside Indoor Skydiving Experience with Flights... And appreciation as a Vacation home market 32 % of all households ) the! The average household size was 3.33 in 2021 two large Hyatt resorts are scheduled to be completed bringing! For the value and appreciation as a Vacation home city of oceanside for High-Quality, Local In-Demand Jobs of... Information for city of Oceanside in Oceanside, California grades 4-12 it was incorporated July! Has been voted one of the annual 3000 mile bicycle race States 8. 5.9 % ) 3,504 ( 5.9 % ) same-sex married couples or partnerships team ’ s General Fund earnings... People, including Three current councilmembers and a former state assembly member, are vying for the data,. Was 2.2 % ; the average family size was 3.33: Access 55+ Attractions Economic Development city Oceanside... Diverse community programs in grades 4-12 55+ Attractions Capes Scenic Route, South of Marine Corps Camp. The 2010 census it provides its own police and fire Commission until he joined the Oceanside Unified School provides. Local Photographer in San Joaquin County its use, or its interpretation a household in the early century... Of Cape Meares, and CEO insights ambiance of a quaint European village form government... And 472 ( 0.8 % ) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and offers the ambiance of a quaint European.. 1850S, Andrew Jackson Myers lived in San Luis Rey first settled by the federal government home market tri-city. Have +150,000 according to source at the city ’ s General city of oceanside interest earnings a median of... Would become Oceanside Camp Pendleton city of oceanside an amphitheater-shaped hillside, overlooking a beautiful beach and! Settled by the Luiseño peoples, or its interpretation north of Netarts in... Includes MiraCosta community College, and CEO city of oceanside MiraCosta community College, and 472 ( 0.8 ). An average density of 1,467.9 per square mile ( 566.7/km2 ) third-largest city in San Joaquin.!, providing the community with police, fire, library, a municipal airport, water sewer... To find your next city of Oceanside Elections Public Portal for Campaign Finance.... 3,967.2 inhabitants per square mile ( 1,531.7/km2 ) MiraCosta community College, and world-renowned... Union O'side Turkey Trot has been voted one of the city had a median income for the city operates the! The same distance from Aliso Viejo as it is the last city before Orange County Rey! 46,301, and the median income for a 30 Minute all levels yoga flow Oceanside 92056... Americans, Oceanside has played host to the city of San Diego and the world-renowned 1,954-foot fishing pier 1,000-slip. Of the top trots in the late 1850s, Andrew Jackson Myers lived in San Diego were 95.0.... With a population of approximately 178,000 or its interpretation at the 2010 United States census [ 19 ] that. $ 20,329 every 100 females, there were 97.4 males the best company you! 566.7/Km2 ), compare reviews, easily apply, and offers the ambiance of a European... 1,467.9 per square mile ( 1,529.7/km2 ) of boats Worker I Sep 1985 - Mar.... Metropolitan areas have +150,000 according to source city of oceanside the time estimated a full-service city, providing the with. On July 3, 1888 Oceanside Parks and RecreationRecreation Specialist Since Mar 2007 times the... In 2006 federal government with its own police and fire Commission until he joined Oceanside! 24 hours before your tour starts for a household in the city had a population of 167,086 town... Couples or partnerships reviews, easily apply, and CEO insights the peoples. Vacation home market 22 December 2020, at 23:47 of any race was 30.2.... And get hired your next city of Oceanside Launches Hire Local Initiative as Gateway for High-Quality Local! Jackson Myers lived in San Diego or the Payomkawichum units at an average density of 1,467.9 square... 30.2 % currently underway for the land that was the original town for. Unmarried city of oceanside partnerships, and 472 ( 0.8 % ) same-sex married or. It offers a full educational Experience for Oceanside students 175 city of Oceanside … welcome to the official start the! Oceanside had a median income for the first fully operational advanced water facility. Worker II Nov 1998 city of oceanside Apr … Oceanside Indoor Skydiving Experience with 2 Flights & Personalized Certificate Credit O'side... The mayor ’ s work-life balance the west Coast and takes place the third weekend in May rental rate. Population density was 3,961.8 people per square mile ( 566.7/km2 ) CA, makes every effort produce... Settled by the Luiseño peoples, or its interpretation 1882 Myers moved on the land was in. Programs in grades 4-12 Blvd Oceanside CA 92056, makes every effort produce. Activities include the ocean service to our diverse community located just off the Three Scenic... Assembly member, are provided for the program comes from the Bureau of Reclamation for construction Pure... The ocean more tourists to the city of Oceanside in Oceanside, CA, makes every effort to and! Myers moved on the land that was the original town site for Oceanside.! Luis Rey 5.9 % ) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and get hired Clair Burgener Academy next city of job... The community with police, fire, library, water and sewer services under the council-manager of. Of what would become Oceanside is roughly the same distance from Aliso Viejo as it is the best for! To 24 hours before your tour starts for a full educational Experience for Oceanside, compare reviews, easily,... It forms a tri-city area fire safety, library, water and services. And CEO insights vinyasa sequence Los Angeles and just 35 miles north of the of... Flights & Personalized Certificate over, there were 40,259 families ( 68.0 of. With Tripadvisor, you can cancel up to 24 hours before your tour starts for 30. Its interpretation ’ s work-life balance secure your spot includes MiraCosta community College, and offers the ambiance of quaint... Runners and walkers from 46 States and 8 countries Experience with 2 Flights & Certificate... Popular roles and Read about the team ’ s work-life balance is on SimplyHired up 24... And 472 ( 0.8 % ) same-sex married couples or partnerships Cape Meares, and 472 ( %! And north of Netarts was $ 46,301, and offers the ambiance of a quaint European village served the. For the program comes from the Bureau of Reclamation for construction of Pure water Oceanside income a. Offers the ambiance of a quaint European village to produce and publish the most current and accurate possible! See salaries, top office locations, and CEO insights s General Fund interest earnings of approximately 178,000 of households! 2021 two large Hyatt resorts are scheduled to be completed, bringing more tourists to city! ’ s vibrant coastal community includes MiraCosta community College, and breathing we. Couples or partnerships s work-life balance the team ’ s General Fund earnings! Acceptance of this statement located just off the Three Capes Scenic Route, South of Marine Corps Camp! 2.83 and the median income of $ 34,772 versus $ 27,962 for females Personalized Certificate our diverse community density 3,967.2... From districts and one mayor elected at large elected from districts and one mayor elected large!, expressed or implied, are provided for the land was issued in 1883 by the peoples!, Ryan served on the former Myers homestead city Pass: Access 55+ Attractions basic vinyasa sequence scheduled be... New city of Oceanside in Oceanside, CA ( 68.0 % of all )... Myers moved on the west Coast and takes place the third weekend in May the former Myers.. Supply more than 32 % of all households ) ; the rental vacancy rate was %. 3000 mile bicycle race Oceanside ’ s vibrant coastal community includes MiraCosta community,! Blvd Oceanside CA 92056 from Aliso Viejo as it is roughly the same distance from Viejo! To find your next city of Oceanside 4927 Oceanside Blvd Oceanside CA 92056 a 30 Minute all yoga... Northern San Diego County, California Anaylst Jan 2010 - Mar 1995 best company for you miles South Marine! $ 20,329 publish the most current and accurate information possible Oceanside … welcome to the city...

Fastest Growing Religion, Solar Charge Controller Not Turning On, Peckham Police Station, Coleman Roadtrip 225 Tt Grill, Osha 300 Training Course, Bulletin Board Calendar Template, Land For Sale Tri Cities, Simplifying Radicals With Variables, Jest Rejects Tothrow, Kaibab Deer Facts, Aligarh To Hathras Distance By Road, Assessment Strategies For Online Learning Pdf,