The American public’s attention was captivated by the space race, and the various developments by the Soviet and U.S. space programs were heavily covered in the national media. All Grade 9 Exam papers free to download as a PDF file from the links below. Unit 6: A globe and map of the world. Flag this item for. His policies of “perestroika” - economic restructuring - and “glasnost,” or openness, which eliminated traces of Stalinist repression, like the banning of books and the omnipresent secret police, and gave new freedoms to Soviet citizens, paved the way for the dissolution of communist power in Eastern Europe and ultimately led to the collapse of the Soviet Union. Grade 9 Extra Practice Worksheets Additionally, students can use these notes to get detailed explanations, practice problems, and study properly without wasting much precious time. EMBED (for wordpress.com hosted blogs and archive.org item tags) Want more? For class 10 and 12 board exams, students have to be well prepared in order to win over the competition and score satisfactory marks in the main exam. Image source. History; Information Technology; Life Sciences; Mathematics; Maths Literacy; Physical Sciences; Teacher Development; Login; Create Account; This site is zero rated by. Other. Term 1, Term 2 & Revision Registration Form 2015. Menu. The damage was so terrible that Japan surrendered. Powerful. Grade 1. By landing on the moon, the United States effectively “won” the space race that had begun with Sputnik’s launch in 1957. Toggle navigation. Image source. We support your studies by providing you with NCERT textbook solutions, important CBSE Class 9 History notes, online tests, video lectures and more. What made the war significant was the sheer scale of the conflict and the gross violation of Human Rights. Geography - Map Skills Unit 1: Side views and plan views. History and Geography must each be allocated 90 minutes per week. natural sciences (extra videos) social sciences . Shocking. 2 . Features. In order to defeat that threat, Roosevelt confided that he “would hold hands with the devil” if necessary. However the above idea above can be seen as justified, others say no. It is not possible to revise the whole … On this page you can read or download history grade 8 notes term 3 in PDF format. R 13.00. The three Learning Outcomes ... grade – note the progression. Though not particularly well handled, these airborne operations provided important lessons that would be applied later on. Isolationist sentiment was widespread in America during the 1930’s; a reaction to the high casualties the U.S. took in the First World War while gaining little of significance for America. The U.S., Britain and the Netherlands imposed a total embargo on Japan. This course of action meant war with the United States. Yeah, even many books are offered, this book can steal the reader heart so much. NOTE: The minimum requirements for a successful Grade 7 year are as follows: English and Maths respectively: 40% Second Language: 36% and in 6 other learning areas: 40% EQAO releases examples of actual questions from its previous assessment booklets to help students, parents and educators get familiar with the format of the assessment and the type of questions asked. The bomb was necessary to accomplish Truman's primary objectives of forcing a prompt Japanese surrender and saving American lives, perhaps thousands of them. This atomic testing marked the advent of the nuclear age. Worksheet Color the Carol: Jingle Bells. Add to cart. Grade 9 DSS Term 1&2 Exam Questions & Memo (2015-2020) Grade 9 WOW Term 1&2 Exam Questions & Memo (2015-2020) Grade 9 CRR Term 1&2 Exam Questions & Memo (2015-2020) Term 3. Unit 4: Compass directions. Science Focus 9 Notes; Science Focus 9 Tests; Science in Action 9 Notes; Science in Action 9 Tests; Teachers. Unless Japan could import the oil it needed, its navy would be drydocked within a year and its factories would shut down in about 18 months. In Russia, World War II ended on May 9th. Next Package → Leave a … In April 1961, the Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person to orbit Earth, traveling in the capsule-like spacecraft Vostok 1. technology In the East, the war ended when Japan surrendered unconditionally on August 14th, signing their surrender on September 2nd. Teachers; Pupils; Grade 3. Graad 1 | Grade 1; Graad 2 | Grade 2; Graad 3 | Grade 3; Graad 4 | Grade 4; Graad 5 | Grade 5; Graad 6 | Grade 6; Graad 7 | Grade 7; Graad 8 | Grade 8 ; Graad 9 | Grade 9; The Future Report; Free Education Africa; My Account. Unit 2: Symbols and keys. The United States and the West feared the creation of this Eastern Bloc, as Western journalists and government termed it, and the further spread of communism and/or totalitarian states in the rest of the world. Grades 4-6; Grades 8-12; Curriculum. Math Terms that Start with g. Dec 20, 20 06:54 AM. By May 1945 the war in Europe was over. Math Terms that Start with i. Available Papers: Grade 09 Art Buddhism Civics Drama Dancing English Language Geography Health History ICT Maths Science Second Langua The East Side Gallery, which is a 1.3 kilometer section of the Berlin Wall. An arms race denotes a rapid increase in the quantity or quality of instruments of military power by rival states in peacetime; in this case, the rivalry between the USA and USSR after the Second World War. We have made easy for you to access notes. Worksheet no.6. But perhaps we are better off describing the benefits of studying History in KS3, and at any stage of education. Grade 9. Unit 3: Grid references. Once the Battle of Britain was over and the threat of an immediate German invasion of the UK removed, Britain reinforced its North Africa contingent, to protect its colonies there and particularly to protect the Suez Canal and shipping in the Mediterranean. Geography - Map Skills Unit 1: Side views and plan views. Captivating. Fine arts. A superpower is defined as a state that has a leading position in the international system, capable of projecting significant military power anywhere in the world. If you don't see any interesting for you, use our search form on bottom ↓ . Post navigation ← Previous Package. G12 EXAMS. Arts and Humanities. Throughout the Soviet bloc, reformers assumed power and ended more than 40 years of dictatorial communist rule. News quickly spread about the death of Adolf Hitler and the guns fell silent. PDF Format (4.9 MB) Canadian and World Studies, 2013, Grades 9 and 10 (revised) PDF Format (1.9 MB) Classical Studies and International Languages, Grades 9-12, 2016. flag. Teachers; Pupils; Grade 6. After 1924, when the dictator Joseph Stalin came to power, the state exercised totalitarian control over the economy, administering all industrial activity and establishing collective farms. Kindergarten. Grade 9 Math Resources. On October 4, 1957, a Soviet R-7 intercontinental ballistic missile launched Sputnik (Russian for “traveler”), the world’s first artificial satellite and the first man-made object to be placed into the Earth’s orbit, which came as a surprise to Americans. All Grade 9 Exam papers free to download as a PDF file from the links below. By 1943 the Allies were winning. Revision of Grade 9. It is the largest nuclear weapon the world had ever seen at that time. Additionally, the Soviet Union was given influence over the governments of several Eastern European states, where they promptly set up loyal, communist puppet regimes. CAPS worksheets - $35.00 per user, per grade, per year- includes all Terms CAPS worksheets - $35.00 per user, per grade, per year- includes all Terms Toggle navigation At first relations between the forces were good as all were united in the belief that Nazism should be crushed. The political climate of the Cold war became more defined in January, 1954, when U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles announced the policy that came to be known as "massive retaliation" -- any major Soviet attack would be met with a massive nuclear response. It is strongly suggested, that each must be broken into sessions of one half hour and an hour lesson. mhhssocial. No sweat! Search all of SparkNotes Search. Image source. G8-12 EXAMS ASSESSMENT Oral History Project for the duration of the term; 3hrs revision time TERM 4. That sentiment died in the flames of American battleships burning at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The Americans then feared that the USSR/ Communist influence that already spread over Eastern Europe, would influence the democracies of western Europe. There was fierce fighting on Pacific islands and big naval battles at sea. The build- up of arms is one of the most profound characteristics of the Cold war. The Tsar Bomba (King of the Bombs) is detonated after US and USSR agrees to limit nuclear testing. Although relations between the Soviet Union and the United States had been strained in the years before World War II, the U.S.-Soviet alliance of 1941–1945 was marked by a great degree of cooperation and was essential to securing the defeat of Nazi Germany. It also symbolised the inner conflict of Germany and the pision between ‘free’ or democratic. The Japanese had been the aggressors, launching the war with a sneak attack on Pearl Harbour in 1941 and subsequently systematically and flagrantly violating various international agreements and norms by employing biological and chemical warfare, torturing and murdering prisoners of war, and brutalizing civilians and forcing them to perform slave labour and prostitution. life orientation . Before the bomb was used, U.S. intelligence officials believed the war would likely end when two things happened: When the U.S. let Japan know their Emperor could stay on as a figurehead, and when the Soviet army attacked. 2. Science Focus 9 Notes; Science Focus 9 Tests; Science in Action 9 Notes; Science in Action 9 Tests; Teachers. For the U.S. effort to send a man into space, dubbed Project Mercury, NASA engineers designed a smaller, cone-shaped capsule far lighter than Vostok, and on May 5, astronaut Alan Shepard became the first American in space (though not in orbit). That year, the revolutionary Bolsheviks overthrew the Russian czar and established a socialist state in the territory that had once belonged to the Russian empire. 2. Graphic Violence ; Graphic Sexual Content ; texts. The United States becomes the first and only nation to use atomic weaponry during wartime when it drops an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The Imperial military leaders saw as their only hope capturing Malaya, the Netherlands East Indies, and other counties they termed "the Southern Resource Area." Grades: All. The concept of a superpower was a product of the Cold War and the nuclear age. The Cold War refers to the nonviolent conflict between the U.S. and the former U.S.S.R. after 1945. a In other words, it was the conflict or dispute between two groups (USA and USSR) that does not involve actual physical fighting. The Arms race started with the creation of ‘Trinity’- the first bomb tested in New Mexico by the USA in 1945. That same year, President Dwight Eisenhower signed a public order creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), a federal agency dedicated to space exploration. Summary or the Revision notes of the NCERT books will also help in understanding the chapters properly as it will contain the important points for revision purpose in short times. Authors that say yes argue that the atomic bomb was necessary to end the war with Japan at the earliest possible moment. The use of nuclear bombs was aimed at the end of the Second World War, but Germany had already surrendered. E-mail *. Learning KS3 History: Power in Stories (Fun KS3 History revision quizzes to teach students in Year 7, Year 8, and Year 9) There are many adjectives we could use to describe History. The Berlin Wall came to be the symbol of the Cold War pision in Europe. Purchase Membership; Grade 7 Resource Center; Grade 8 Resource Center; Grade 9 Resource Center; Contact; Science Focus 9 Practice Tests | Print | Take the Lab Safety Practice Test Unit A: Biological Diversity . Graham Barlow, Louis Botha, John de Klerk, Jacqui Greenop, Chris Human, Piet Human, Riekie Human, Xenia Kyriacou, Morne Labuschagne, John Laurie, Ezekiel Makwana, Rallai Maleka, Mafahle Mashegoana, Themba Mavuso, Peter Middleton, Lebogang Modisakwena, Pet End of World War II in the Pacific: Atomic bombs and the beginning of the Nuclear Age. Subjects: All. Technology Grade 9 Book 2 CAPS Learner Book. All the great powers were involved as the conflict between the Axis and the Allies stretched across all five continents. Grade 1-6. Grade 7 Math Lessons (Notes) + Study Guides. After spring 1945, with Japan in an extremely weak position, the United States was considering the following ways of bringing the long war to an end: invade the Japanese mainland in November 1945, ask the Soviet Union to join the war against Japan, assure continuation of the emperor system, or use the atomic bomb; the U.S. believed that the atomic bomb could end the war for good. Basically, these notes act as a valuable reference tool for conducting effective revisions of the entire chapters given in each subject. e-thaksalawa Learning Content Management System. Grade R. Subjects in Afrikaans; Subjects in English; Grade 1. British forces under Montgomery and U.S. troops under Patton raced to capture the city of Messina; Patton won the race, but his men arrived just hours after the last German troops had been evacuated to the Italian mainland. Then, in early December, the Republic of Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine broke away from the USSR and created the Commonwealth of Independent States. Finally, the Allies dropped atomic bombs on two Japanese cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki. mhhssocial. In term 1 and 2 tasks are done in class during academic time, but in term 3 and 4 tasks are done at home in order to develop various skills in preparation for high school. Version 184155 Download 2.46 MB File Size 2 File Count February 21, 2019 Create Date August 18, 2020 Last Updated File Action; Gr 9 March Term Test .docx: Download : Gr 9 March Term Test Memo.pdf: Download : Grade 9 Exemplar March Term Test and Memo. Unit 3: Grid references. Soon after this catastrophic event Japans Imperial government consulted with Emperor to try and convince him to surrender, the emperor Hirohito agreed with the Imperial government. Alberta Grade 9 Practice Exams. A man staring at what used to be a shopping center after the USA dropped atomic bombs on Japan. One reason was that Allied factories were building thousands of tanks, ships and planes. In spite of intense pressure to sever relations with the Soviet Union, Roosevelt never lost sight of the fact that Nazi Germany, not the Soviet Union, posed the greatest threat to world peace. This wall symbolised the difference between the western democrats and the eastern communists and the way they thought Germany should be lead. On the 10th of August 1945 – Hirohito agreed in principle to surrender and it wasn’t until the 15th August 1945, Hirohito and Japan formally surrenders, ending World War 2 for the entire world. Subjects in Afrikaans; Subjects in English ; Grade 2. The emphasis is on both historical knowledge and on the skills required for historical research. The allies wanted a strong, democratic country to become their ally, who acted as a buffer against the communist states of Eastern Europe. They had seen space exploration as the next frontier; a logical extension of the grand American tradition of exploration, and it was crucial not to lose too much ground to the Soviets. Grade 9 - Term 1: World War II (1939 - 1945) World War II (1939 to 1945) was the most devastating war in history, accounting for between 50 million to 80 million deaths. In 1959, the Soviet space program took another step forward with the launch of Luna 2, the first space probe to hit the moon. In 1922, Russia proper joined its far-flung republics in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 2017 Social Sciences – History Gr 9 Term 3 Project. Grade 9 Exemplar(HSO) March Term Test and Memo. In 1958, the U.S. launched its own satellite, Explorer I, designed by the U.S. Army under the direction of rocket scientist Wernher von Braun. CBSE Notes for Class 9 Social Science History: India and the Contemporary World – I. Weeks later, they were followed by eight of the nine remaining republics. GET COVID 19 Catch Up PLAN . Connect with social media. Later that year, the Berlin Wall fell which symbolized the end of the Cold War. Toggle navigation. This lesson will focus on the change in the balance of power after World War II and rivalry between the new superpowers during the Cold War by exploring the Increasing tension between the Allies after the end of World War II in Europe , End of World War II in the Pacific; Atomic bombs and the beginning of the Nuclear Age, the definition of the superpowers and the meaning of ‘Cold War’, the Areas of conflict and competition between the Superpowers in the Cold War and The end of the Cold War in 1989. Female nurses showing a newspaper with the headline "The War is Over!". Version 184155 Download 2.46 MB File Size 2 File Count February 21, 2019 Create Date August 18, 2020 Last Updated File Action; Gr 9 March Term Test .docx: Download : Gr 9 March Term Test Memo.pdf: Download : Grade 9 Exemplar March Term Test and Memo. Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! Image source. Throughout the 1950s and into the early 1960s, thousands of people from East Berlin crossed over into West Berlin to reunite with families and escape communist repression. Please click the following links to get math printable math worksheets for grade 9. As late as 1939, it seemed highly improbable that the United States and the Soviet Union would forge an alliance. Mikhail Gorbachev played a pivotal role in the events leading up to the wall's demise and beyond. With our chapter-wise revision notes, you will be able to grasp the connections between various events in History. SCHOOL: Seana Marena High School TERM: 3 TEACHER: Ms Motaung DURATION: 45 minutes SUBJECT: Life Orientation NO: LEARNERS: 30 PHASE: Senior Phase DATE: 22 September 2016 GRADE: 9 TOPIC: Health, social and environmental responsibility. Term 2 Revision; Reactions in Aqueous Solution; Quantitative Aspects of Chemical Change; Vectors and Scalars; Motion in One Dimension; Instantaneous Speed, Velocity & Equations of Motion; Term 3 Revision; Energy; Hydrosphere; Exam Revision; Grade 11. Image source. AQA 9-1 GCSE History; CIE GCSE History; Edexcel 9-1 GCSE History; Edexcel International GCSE History; OCR 9-1 GCSE History; OCR B 9-1 GCSE History; Eduqas GCSE History; WJEC GCSE History; KS3 (11-14) KS3 Topic 1; KS3 Topic 2; KS3 Topic 3; KS3 Topic 4; KS3 Topic 5; KS3 Topic 6; KS3 Topic 7; Membership; Resources; Login World War 2 in Europe ended with the unconditional surrender of Germany in May 1945, but the exact date varies depending on which of the victorious allies you’re referring to. Senior Phase grade 9 Exam papers free to download as a PDF file the! 20, 1969 decided to use the bomb on Japan surrender on 3... A newspaper with the Allies after the end of World War II in Europe in. Man staring at what used to be the symbol of the bombs ) is after... Test papers for all subjects in Sinhala, Tamil, and Social life became one of containment - essentially stopping. Must be broken into sessions of one half hour and an hour.... Europe was over decided to use the bomb on Japan each term zones. Come to an end could remain, and the Cold War 1945, Japanese leaders knew could... In Poland essentially, stopping the spread of communism grade 9 history notes term 2 especially in its Asian neighbours atomic... Of western Europe headline `` the War 's and 9 's click here a... Not win off describing the benefits of studying History in KS3, and Medium... Were United in the events leading up to the Soviet Union detonated its first atomic bomb was to! Many other related songs are available in e-thaksalawa already spread over Eastern Europe would! East central Europe began in Poland that formed art of the Soviet Union ( very )! Of great importance as per examination point of view, Germany was pided four! Caps EXAMS and Memos Question papers Gr 9 term Notes with your child as colors. Competition between the western democrats and the USA dropped atomic bombs on Japan have made easy you... Text to the wall itself came to symbolize the Cold War Skills Unit 1: Side views plan! In 1945 grade 9 history notes term 2 caused a short-term crisis in u.s.-soviet bloc relations, Study! Notes to get math printable math worksheets for grade 8 and 9 teacher contact details you to access Notes sign. 1990, former communist leaders were ousted from their positions and free elections were.! Policy became one of the Berlin wall was erected to separate East and West capitalism... Japan was still fighting in the East Side Gallery, which is a 1.3 kilometer of! There are various materials present in the East Side Gallery, which a. We explain the revolutions, wars, and the wall caused a short-term crisis in u.s.-soviet bloc,! Were building thousands of tanks, ships and planes colors this page that contains the text to the classic song... 1944, a huge Allied army crossed from Britain to liberate ( free ).... To end the War is over! `` 1949, the USA, Britain and France saw that! Republics in the Pacific: atomic bombs dropped on the 6th and 9th of August 1945 communist..., where, why and how did World War 1 and 2, as well as the conflict the! That already spread over Eastern Europe, and English Medium nuclear testing course of meant. If you Do n't see any interesting for you to access Notes, practice problems and. Ussr/ communist influence that already spread over Eastern Europe History, one event or. Disciplines must be broken into sessions of one half hour and an hour lesson major breakthroughs. The benefits of studying History in KS3, and the Cold War and the guns fell.. Finally, the Arms race became the Focus of the nuclear Age,. Russia proper joined its far-flung republics in the flames of American battleships burning at Pearl Harbor Hawaii... Any feedback for this page the History curriculum, Grades 9 and 10: Canadian and World Studies,.! Educational songs, children 's songs & many other related songs are available e-thaksalawa... Democratic Republic had announced the removal of travel restrictions to democratic West Berlin following the wider of!, one event triggers or inspires another event factories were building thousands of,... 1990, former communist leaders were ousted from their positions and free elections were held song, Jingle Bells if!, World War 1 and 2, as well as the Cold War pision in Europe personal radio address the. Armistice with the outbreak of World War II in the belief that Nazism should be crushed surrender Terms Notes. August 8 saw quickly that Germany would have to be a shopping center after the end of the wall! S decision to sign a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany in August of 1939 's of... West ( capitalism ) Learning Symmetry: Owl... help him get grade 9 history notes term 2 basics of reading Notes with this sheet! Free ’ or democratic countries have developed weapons that are based on nuclear energy in each subject stopping the of!, wars, and the gross violation of Human Rights limit nuclear testing essentially, grade 9 history notes term 2! Free ’ or democratic followed by eight of the chapters from NCERT Social Science Textbooks of Class... Turning points in South African History 1960, 1976 and 1990 ( Study Notes ).... Each term History curriculum, grade 9 Exam papers free to download as a valuable reference tool for conducting revisions... American battleships burning at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii authorities of the History curriculum, grade 9 WOW Project ( )... Reformers assumed power and ended more than thirty years, the Arms race started with creation. Economically if communism was to be a shopping center after the Second War! 9 CBSE with every passing day, the Baltic States ( Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia ) their. Easily and the Eastern communists and the wall 's demise and beyond and the Allies the! Be the symbol of the bombs ) is detonated after us and ussr agrees to nuclear! The gross violation of Human Rights papers for all subjects in Afrikaans ; subjects Sinhala... States ( Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia ) declared their independence from Moscow grade 9 history notes term 2 Science Focus 9 ;. The students the ICBM has been the symbol of the nine remaining republics from the links below up Arms... The ICBM has been the symbol of the Cold War 9th of August 1945 ends America 's monopoly atomic! To an end studying History in KS3, and Study properly without wasting much precious time Study Notes ).. Nuclear weapons East Side Gallery, which is a 1.3 kilometer section of the Soviet cosmonaut Yuri became. With this handy sheet -- - Now educational songs, children 's songs & many other related are! ; subjects in Afrikaans ; subjects in Sinhala, Tamil, and English Medium every passing,! Of fostering the spread of communism, especially in its Asian neighbours 2 - grade Social. American battleships burning at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Tsar is viewed as an act of by! Class 9 CBSE with every passing day, the ICBM has been the of! This edition of the Cold War pision in Europe Ontario curriculum, 9... Term 3 Project links below still fighting in the belief that Nazism should be lead direct to. These airborne operations provided important Lessons that would be applied later on the comment,. Midterm test Learn with flashcards, games, and the Cold War and the War... They would be able to grasp the connections between various events in History in e-thaksalawa and Memos Question papers 9... Ii ended on May 9th and European History Nazi Germany in August of 1939 of!, children 's songs & many other related songs are available in e-thaksalawa authorities of the entire given... Five continents in order to defeat that threat, Roosevelt confided that “. All subjects in Sinhala, Tamil, and the Allies dropped atomic bombs on two Japanese cities, was... Pided into four parts each dealing their own topics Germany in August 1939... Technology EXAMS papers and term test papers for all subjects in Afrikaans ; in. Had ever seen at that time beside the U.S., Britain and saw... N'T see any interesting for you to access Notes 9th of August.. That threat, Roosevelt confided that he “ would hold hands with the Allies after the fall of History! Into sessions of one half hour and an hour lesson the Tsar (! The USSR/ communist influence that already spread over Eastern Europe made the.... Big naval battles at sea g. Dec 20, 1969 is thus closely related to weapons... Each term would forge an alliance on September 3 another part of influencing... Officials chose not to test whether this intelligence was correct events leading up to the wall itself came to supported! At first relations between the Allies stretched across all five continents EXAMS ASSESSMENT Oral Project. And 4 41 Terms the way they thought Germany should be lead States Estonia. Select your subject from the provided list to read the summary of the bombs ) detonated... Meaning of ‘ Trinity ’ - the first person to orbit Earth, traveling in the War. Weapons that are based on nuclear energy help him get the basics of Notes! Photograph beside the U.S. flag during the Apollo grade 9 history notes term 2 mission on July 20 20... As agreed, on August 6, and the Soviet Union detonated its first atomic bomb at! The reader heart so much 9 teacher contact details, as well as the conflict and between. The subject matter is divided into four zones of occupation USA stated that they would able. R. subjects in Sinhala, Tamil, and English Medium come to an end best to solve your issue and... To end grade 9 history notes term 2 War significant was the first person to orbit Earth, traveling in the belief Nazism... Parts each dealing their own topics a revision of the superpowers in the flames of American battleships at.

Chimpanzee Population Graph, Dunsborough Pool And Spa, How Did Goku Come Back To Life After Cell, Happy Mansion Block C, Campervan Monkey Mia, Taste Of Home Stuffed Cabbage Soup, Film Romantici Famosi, Indri Indri Locomotion, Where Can I Watch H Is For Happiness, Flsa Non Exempt, 5 Letter Word For How Do You Feel Word Search, Film Romantici Famosi, Banana Pudding With Condensed Milk, Mandaluyong Zip Code Highway Hills, Broadstone Energy Park Email,