It is adaptable to poor soils, heat and drought, but is often seen in moist or rocky locations. Name Gray Dogwood. May be difficult to find in nurseries. This shrub grows at a slow rate, with height increases of less than 12" per year. Gray dogwood is a shrub to small tree native to eastern and mid western North America. An excellent plant for sceening or to use along ponds and stream banks. Younger stems have a reddish color, older stems are grayish-brown. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Red Osier color is most brilliant on younger stems. Status Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status (e.g. per page. White berries are quickly eaten by birds Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection, Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily). Have tree and plant questions? Site Requirements: Cool, moist, acidic soil and partial shade is ideal, but full sun is acceptable. The fall leaves are dark reddish purple, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. Wildlife Value High . In late winter these woody shrubs will benefit from pruning out the oldest branches. Visual Interest in Tough Conditions. Simple, opposite leaves, 2 to 4 inches long;  grayish-green, elliptic to lance-shaped leaves. Our trees. The gray dogwood grows to a height of 10–15' and a spread of 10–15' at maturity. Moderate to fast growth rate. Multiplying by rhizomes, the dogwoods provide attractive screening and cover. Attractive bright red fruit stalks persist through winter. The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. White panicles of flowers brighten the landscape in June. Typically found in USDA zones 4-8, the silky dogwood often grows wild in wet areas such as stream beds. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. In the late Spring, white flowers bloom at the tips of the branches. Our future. Drought Tolerance Fair. Height: 15-30 feet. Cornus racemosa. View Zone Map. Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. It prefers full sun to partial shade. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Fall Color: Hardy From Zone: Hardy To Zone: ? Young branches and twigs are brown to red; older branches are gray. Soil Type: Moist, well-drained: Sun Exposure: Full sun, Partial shade: Zone: 5 to 8 : General care for any tree or shrub is easy, please educate yourself and follow these simple rules. Is occasionally grown as a small tree, where it can be used for foundations, entranceways, borders or specimen planting. Native Environment: Savanna / Woodland. It is a host plant for the Spring Azure and favored by many species of butterflies. Another common name is the panicled dogwood. Gray Dogwood. Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon), by D. Gordon E. Robertson. Flowering Dates: May - July. History/Lore. This shrub has a tall but rounded shape at full growth. Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. The tree displays medium growth, averaging between 13 and 24 inches annually. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Gray DogwoodGray Dogwood This native shrub has excellent fall and winter characteristics. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. Average height 8 ’. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal … A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Mature Shape: Round; horizontal branching. as defined by the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map; (hardiness zones are not recorded for all Grow Native! Gray Dogwood is recommended for the following landscape applications; Mass Planting; General Garden Use; Naturalizing And Woodland Gardens; Planting & Growing. The gray dogwood grows to a height of 10–15' and a spread of 10–15' at maturity. In fact, … Origin Native. 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