For more information about tours and visiting Parliament, click here. July – The Pacific Access Category (a permanent residence annual quota) was established. June – The Minister of Immigration confirmed that New Zealand would accept a target of up to 1,000 Indo-Chinese refugees over the next three years. New Zealand admitted its first Chinese market gardeners. After they arrived, each assisted immigrant was given a letter of welcome from Bert Bockett, the Secretary for Labour, which outlined the assistance which the Department would, Pre-1840 contact, Holidays and events, The arts and entertainment, Disasters, Transport, Health and welfare, Decade studies, Sport, Crime and punishment, Immigration, Lifestyle, Places, The great outdoors, Memorials, Political milestones, Protest and reform, Treaty of Waitangi, Maori leadership, Heads of State, Parliament and the people, The work of government, New Zealand in the world, New Zealand's internal wars, South African War, First World War, Second World War, Post Second World War, Other conflicts, Memorials, mascots and memorabilia, Contexts and activities, Skills, Historical concepts, Education at Pukeahu, Useful links, Interactives, Videos, Sounds, Photos, Site Information, Quizzes, Calendar, Biographies, Check out the links below to like us, follow us, and get the latest from NZHistory, All text is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. The decisive moment for this remarkable change was 1840. Reed Methuen Publishers Ltd, Auckland, 1986. The Government offered free passage to European immigrants. The truth is that only 2 percent of the New Zealand’s population commutes by bus or train. July – The revised New Zealand Settlement Strategy was launched. Under this an Agent General was appointed in London over the agents acting for various provinces. August – Measures aimed at enabling Pacific Island quotas to be filled were announced. This realigned the 2004 New Zealand Settlement Strategy to the Government’s strategic priorities through its Call to Action for settlement. Results of a census of the Colony of New Zealand taken for the night of the 3rd of March, 1878, George Didsbury, Wellington, 1880, p.226. In the 53rd New Zealand Parliament there are five parliamentary parties represented by 120 MPs. Maori comprised around 14 percent of … In addition to those entering under normal immigration arrangements up to 1,100 Samoans were allowed to be granted permanent residence annually. The Undesirable Immigrants Exclusion Act 1919 gave the Attorney–General the power to prohibit the landing in New Zealand of undesirable, disaffected, or disloyal persons and to order such persons to leave. September – The Government announced changes to the way it managed residence approvals with the introduction of the New Zealand Immigration Programme. After the Second World War. The Captain Cook, along with the Captain Hobson, brought assisted immigrants to New Zealand via the Panama Canal from 1952. These included: the abolishment of the English language bond introduced in 1995 and replacement with pre-purchased English language training; recognition of all work experience for General Skills Category points; a new Entrepreneur Category for residence; a new Long-Term Business Visa; a new Investor Category to replace the Business Investor Category; and streamlined processes for investors. Child immigration brought 530 children to New Zealand before the scheme ended in 1953. By Richard Bedford It is often said that New Zealand is a "country of immigrants." These people were called ‘boat people’. The Māori people of Aotearoa (New Zealand) are descendants of Polynesian peoples who had arrived by 1300 AD. 1840. Immigration criteria increasingly emphasised skills and talents rather than countries of origin (such as the United Kingdom) from the late–20th century. The first 112 Vietnamese refugees were accepted. There is debate over the precise date and the number of vessels, but Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand refers to ocean-going waka (canoes) having journeyed during the 1200s from east Polynesia to land on New Zealand’s coast. The records include about half the total number of immigrants in the period. Travellers with a criminal record are often unsure whether they can apply for a New Zealand eTA or visa.. Whilst New Zealand does have strict character requirements, having a past criminal conviction does not automatically prevent an individual from being granted entry to the country.. It was also in 1840 that the first immigrants assisted by the New … Since New Zealand was declared a British colony in 1840 there has been an ongoing exchange of people across the Tasman Sea. May – The Immigration (Migrant Levy) Amendment Act 1998 introduced the migrant levy. April – The New Zealand–China Free Trade Agreement (FTA) aimed to make it easier for New Zealand and Chinese nationals to enter each other’s country for a temporary stay related to the supply of services. For instance, the FTA provided for up to 1,800 skilled people from China to work temporarily in New Zealand at any one time under the new policies, provided they met the requirements and had a job offer. Immigration policies were changed to allow recruitment of more skilled workers for essential industries. Two-thirds lived in the North Island with a large majority being single men. Australians continued to have unrestricted access. New Zealand's Immigration History (1867 - 2019)This video shows foreign born immigrants in New Zealand from 1867 to 2019. June – The Government indicated the number of Working Holiday Visas would double to 20,000 places per year. People seeking to be naturalised had to have lived in the Empire for five years and in New Zealand for at least one year before they applied. Check with the NZIS to see if you qualify if either of the … Immigration to New Zealand U R G E O N I N G interest in genealogy and family history in recent years has been paralleled by a renewed interest in the sources and character of European and non-European migration to New Zealand from the late 18th century as shown by recent substantial publications, including D.H. Akenson’s Half the world The would replace the Immigration Act 1987 and proposed a simplified visa system, more flexible powers to enforce immigration law, and the ability to collect and use biometric information. Approximately 1,000 English settlers arrived in the first wave of the New Zealand Company settlement of Wellington. There were three categories: Global Investor; Professional Investor; and General (Active) Investor. ** This is the total population figure of 4,027,947 excluding the total figure of the ten most common countries. From the mid-1960s on, people began to come to New Zealand from Samoa, Tonga, the Cook Islands and other Pacific islands, attracted by … In the 1950s and 1960s more people were helped to migrate. March – The working party’s report on immigration was completed. From 1934 the tax on Chinese immigrants was waived by the Minister of Customs (it was finally repealed in 1944). In addition, relationships and last residence or birthplace may be given. Ship passenger li… February – Changes to the Skilled Migrant Category deferred in November 2006 were introduced. The changes primarily affected the assessment of whether an applicant's job or job offer was 'skilled employment', and which qualifications were recognised. Table and graph showing which part of Scotland immigrants to New Zealand came from. This discarded source country criteria, although Australian citizens and Australian permanent residents could still enter New Zealand freely. The annual migrant intake declined to less than 12,000, and the following year fell further to 5,000. Of these, 93 percent were British and 4 percent were Dutch. New Zealand is widely regarded as a unique place, renowned for its natural beauty, culture, economic freedom, and quality of life. This is subject to the material being reproduced accurately and not being used in a misleading context. Approximately 1,000 English settlers arrived in the first wave of the New Zealand Company settlement of Wellington. Legislation was passed to prevent the introduction into New Zealand of convicted felons and other persons undergoing sentence of transportation. May – The Immigration Settlement Strategy was announced. From 1888 to 1891 only 764 assisted migrants were brought to New Zealand. The rest were Austrians, Danes, Germans, Swiss, Greeks and other Europeans. Of the 18,000 settlers who came directly from Britain between 1840 and 1852, about 14,000 arrived through the Company or its successors. The concept of prohibited immigrants was retained and, unless specifically exempted, all persons entering New Zealand were required to hold a permit (British, Canadian and Irish citizens were initially exempted but from 1974 also came under the permit system). The General Category was replaced by the General Skills Category in 1995. The first settlers were Polynesians who traveled from somewhere in eastern Polynesia, possibly from what is now French Polynesia. The indigenous Maori population has its origins in the trans-oceanic migrations of Polynesian peoples 1,000 years ago. It established British law in New Zealand and is considered New Zealand’s … A special Samoa immigration quota was introduced. Gordon McLauchlan, Michael King, Hamish Keith, Ranginui Walker, and Laurie Barber, The New Zealand Book of Events. These allowed for the naturalisation of residents of Western Samoa, who were exempted from the usual English language requirement. Any content published in this document may be reproduced and published without further licence or permission. For 1840-1880s our Wellington archive holds records of government-assisted immigrants only, mostly ship passenger lists. 2017 March - A river revered by the Maori people becomes the first in the world to be … In 1977, 412 ‘boat people’ were resettled in New Zealand. Immigration New Zealand, Department of Labour, ‘Latest News’. These are some of the questions which this feature sets out to answer. January – From 1 January children born in New Zealand (or in the Cook Islands, Niue or Tokelau) acquired New Zealand citizenship at birth only if at least one of their parents was a New Zealand citizen, was entitled to be in New Zealand indefinitely in terms of the Immigration Act 1987, or was entitled to reside indefinitely in the Cook Islands, Tokelau or Niue. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. The new system set the total number of residence approvals at 45,000 each year for the next three years. February – Migrants seeking residence started to receive a points premium for job offers that were relevant to their qualifications or work experience. April – The Citizenship Amendment Act 2005 increased the standard period of residence in New Zealand from three years to five years, and removed the provision for special treatment for the spouses of New Zealand citizens. Thousands of Filipino students choose to study in New Zealand every year and there are many opportunities for education providers looking to explore this market. The Refugee Family Sponsored Category was added to the International Humanitarian Stream. The Chinese Immigrants Amendment Act 1907 expressly provided that it was not lawful for any Chinese to land in New Zealand until it had been proven to the satisfaction of the Collector of Customs that they were able to read a printed passage of not less than 100 words of the English language selected at the discretion of the Collector. Quick stats about culture and identity, Statistics New Zealand, 18 April 2007. This meant that applicants for the grant of citizenship who were married to New Zealand citizens would be required to meet the five-year residency period. From the review came the Immigration Act 1987. Page 5 – Life in New Zealand After they arrived, each assisted immigrant was given a letter of welcome from Bert Bockett, the Secretary for Labour, which outlined the assistance which the Department would The Labour Department was responsible for setting up and administering the assisted immigration scheme. Assisted immigration, 1947-75. A chronology of key events in the history of New Zealand. The recommendations included: replacement of the occupational priority list with a points system; tighter controls on investment by business migrants; the establishment of a marketing section to promote New Zealand as a destination for migrants and improving relationships between the service and consultants; and stronger measures to ensure better compliance with immigration laws and to deal with ‘over-stayers’. Available from http://www.immigration.govt.nz/migrant/general/generalinformation/news/. November – The Active Investor Migrant Policy opened. It is a relatively safe environment and is generally located under the political “radar” screen. A pre-condition to removal from New Zealand was prosecution for an offence under the Act, conviction, and the making of an order by the Court that the offender be deported. The selection criteria included skills and qualifications. Apart from their impact on society, these events have influenced policy-making, thus helping to shape both contemporary and future New Zealand. Being well-prepared will help you and your family feel at home sooner. The Committee supported migration, preferably from Britain, of those who could work in secondary and tertiary industries. Life in New Zealand may be very different to life in the islands. Many people fled Vietnam and Cambodia in the 1970s on small and often unseaworthy vessels. As a result of its policy, by 1852 there were approximately 28,000 Europeans in New Zealand. Potential migrants could apply under the General, Business Investment, Humanitarian, and Family Categories. High numbers of Dalmatian immigrants began arriving. In response to a labour shortage in the early 1970s, an assisted passage scheme and publicity to attract migrants contributed to a record inflow of immigrants in 1973 and 1974. The New Zealand Government discontinued the practice of New Zealand residents nominating particular people, such as near relatives, for concessional passages. March – A new policy took effect whereby transit visas were required for all travel via New Zealand, regardless of where the traveller came from or their destination, unless that person was specifically exempted by New Zealand’s immigration policy. Following attempts from 1972 to locate and deport Polynesians with expired work-permits the Government opened a register to allow illegal immigrants to legalise their status without penalty. New Zealand is a great place to live, earn, retire, or invest. Read more... Who were the ancestors of Pākehā New Zealand? The Government also accepted displaced persons who arrived on International Refugee Organisation ships. In 1950 the policy was amended to extend the categories of British citizens eligible for assistance. 9204, Parliamentary LibraryParliament BuildingsWellington. New Zealand is a country of immigrants. New Zealand’s car ownership rate is one of the highest in the world. Wave after wave of peoples have settled here: Polynesian, British, European, Asian. New Zealand reduced its refugee quota from 800 a year to 750 and agreed to pay travel costs. British-born population living in New Zealand provinces in 1871. Welcome to the New Zealand Government’s official immigration website. New Zealand’s Christmas fall in the summer seasons. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. You can also request an NZeTA to get approval to board a plane to New Zealand. From 1928 people who had been naturalised anywhere in the Empire automatically became British subjects in New Zealand. The Captain Cook, along with the Captain Hobson, brought assisted immigrants to New Zealand via the Panama Canal from 1952. Historically, the United Kingdom and Europe have been the major contributors of migrants. Until 1839 there were only about 2,000 immigrants in New Zealand; by 1852 there were about 28,000. In that year the Treaty of Waitangiwas signed. Results of a census of the Colony of New Zealand taken for the night of the 31st of March, 1878, John Mackay, Wellington, 1902, p.124. The Passports Amendment Act 2005 reduced the validity of adult passports from ten years to five years, allowed information to be disclosed for border security purposes, and provided for the cancellation or refusal to issue New Zealand passports and travel documents in cases where national security was threatened. In the 1880s, a depression in New Zealand caused thousands of people to come to Victoria in search of work. ** This is the total population figure of 2,414,984 excluding the total figure of the ten most common countries. By 1891, the population of New Zealand-born in Victoria was 12,026. Where the material is being published or issued to others, the source and copyright status must be acknowledged. The paper first outlines pre-1840 New Zealand before describing later events. The information in these lists varies over time but usually includes the names of the emigrants, ages, occupations, and destinations. In 1840, the Treaty of Waitangi was signed, an agreement between the British Crown and Maori. The Citizenship (Western Samoa) Act 1982 overturned the Privy Council ruling. Immigration has played an important part in achieving this outcome. It is entitled ‘State of Palestine’, even though Palestine is not officially recognised as a state by New Zealand or by most western nations. Government media releases. … The Immigration Act 1964 largely consolidated the basic structure of immigration law. This is the story of some of the 77,000 who came from Great Britain between 1947 and 1975 under the assisted immigration scheme. These MPs represent 65 general electorate seats and seven Māori electorates. I am now working for the office of immigration, helping them with their enquiries and assisting wherever I can.’ I’ll end the story of his life here, but just wanted to summarise a couple of things and add a few extras to give clarity. Available from http://www.beehive.govt.nz/. 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