[10], Series of punitive laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774, American Revolutionary War § Background and political developments, "1774: Parliament passes the Boston Port Act", Text of the Administration of Justice Act, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Intolerable_Acts&oldid=994954630, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This article is part of a series about the, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 12:03. In the years after the French and Indian War, Parliament attempted to levy taxes, such as the Stamp Act and Townshend Acts, on the colonies to aid in covering the cost of maintaining the empire. The Intolerable Acts provided for all of the following EXCEPT the Individual punishment of participants in the Boston Tea Party. Although the act stipulated for witnesses to be reimbursed after having traveled at their own expense across the Atlantic, it was not stipulated that this would include reimbursement for lost earnings during the period for which they would be unable to work, leaving few with the ability to testify. Because Boston had been the center of resistance, the acts targeted Boston and Massachusetts in particular. The new Quartering Act allowed a governor to house soldiers in other buildings if suitable quarters were not provided. The Boston Port Bill closed Boston Harbor until restitution was made for the tea destroyed in the Boston Tea Party (1773). The Intolerable Acts were a series of laws issued by King George III in response to the colonies’ Boston Tea Party.. The Intolerable Acts did several things. Second, the Massachusetts Government Act abrogated the colony’s charter of 1691, reducing it to the level of a crown colony, replacing the elective local council with an appointive one, enhancing the powers of the military governor, Gen. Thomas Gage, and forbidding town meetings without approval. The first three acts are also referred to collectively as the Coercive Acts, instituted by the British in response to the Boston Tea Party. While many sources claim that the Quartering Act allowed troops to be billeted in occupied private homes, historian David Ammerman's 1974 study claimed that this is a myth, and that the act only permitted troops to be quartered in unoccupied buildings. In Great Britain, when the British Parliament passed these acts, they didn’t name it with ‘Intolerable’ term, but they referred to it as ‘Coercive Acts of 1774’. After the Townshend Acts, some colonial essayists took this line of thinking even further, and began to question whether Parliament had any legitimate jurisdiction in the colonies at all. The war had plunged the British government deep into debt, and so the British Parliament enacted a series of measures to increase tax revenue from the colonies. The Intolerable Acts were five laws that were passed by the British Parliament against the American Colonies in 1774. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. The acts took away self-governance and rights that Massachusetts had enjoyed since its founding, triggering outrage and indignation in the Thirteen Colonies. The Patriots viewed the acts as an arbitrary violation of the rights of Massachusetts, and in September 1774 they organized the First Continental Congress to coordinate a protest. Intolerable acts definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Parliament believed that these acts, such as the Stamp Act of 1765 and the Townshend Acts of 1767, were legitimate means of having the colonies pay their fair share of the costs of maintaining the British Empire. The Intolerable Acts represented an attempt to reimpose strict British control over the American colonies, but, after 10 years of vacillation, the decision to be firm had come too late. Passed on June 2, 1774, the new Quartering Act applied to all of British America and gave colonial governors the right to requisition unoccupied buildings to house British troops. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Although protests led to the repeal of the Stamp and Townshend Acts, Parliament adhered to the position that it had the right to legislate for the colonies "in all cases whatsoever" in the Declaratory Act of 1766. The Intolerable Acts were five British laws that the Americans extremely disliked. Third, the Administration of Justice Act was aimed at protecting British officials charged with capital offenses during law enforcement by allowing them to go to England or another colony for trial. The Massachusetts Government Act provoked even more outrage than the Port Act because it unilaterally took away Massachusetts' charter and brought it under control of the British government. It was a calculated risk which backfired, due to the harshness of some of the acts having made it difficult for moderates in the colonies to speak in favor of Parliament. On December 16, 1773, a group of Patriot colonists associated with the Sons of Liberty destroyed 342 chests of tea in Boston, Massachusetts, an act that came to be known as the Boston Tea Party. why did parliament pass the intolerable acts quizlet, The colonies became fearful that the British may pass more punitive laws on their own colonies. The inotelarble acts were passed in 1770's in response to the Boston Tea Party, where the colonists dumped $10,000 of tea in the harbor. These laws had something to do with the British colonies in North America. In Great Britain, these laws were referred to as the Coercive Acts. Colonists objected that the Port Act punished all of Boston rather than just the individuals who had destroyed the tea, and that they were being punished without having been given an opportunity to testify in their own defense.[3]. News of the Boston Tea Party reached England in January 1774. The port of Boston was closed, and, in the Massachusetts Government Act, Parliament for the first time actually altered a colonial charter, substituting an appointive council for the elective one established in 1691 and conferring…, …to the execution of the Intolerable (Coercive) Acts passed by the British Parliament in retaliation for the dumping of tea in Boston Harbor, and, as a member of the First Continental Congress, which spoke for the 13 colonies, he insisted that the delegates take a vigorous stand against Britain. In response to colonial resistance to British rule during the winter of 1773–74, Parliament was determined to reassert its authority in America and passed four acts that were known as the Coercive Acts in Britain but were labeled the Intolerable Acts by the colonists. [8], Great Britain hoped that the Intolerable Acts would isolate radicals in Massachusetts and cause American colonists to concede the authority of Parliament over their elected assemblies. When the Constitution was ratified in 1788 Congress fixed a day in 1789 when the First Congress under the Constitution was to assemble. In response to the Boston Tea Party, the British Parliament passes the “Intolerable Acts,” including "quartering." The Intolerable Acts were supposed to punish Massachusetts and push them away from the other colonies. Look it up now! This made British tea less expensive. The North ministry undertook to punish Boston, a centre of American recalcitrance, and to buttress British authority in Massachusetts. From there events spiraled into the American Revolutionary War. The Coercive Acts of 1774, known as the Intolerable Acts in the American colonies, were a series of four laws passed by the British Parliament to punish the colony of Massachusetts Bay for the Boston Tea Party. They were given the name "Intolerable Acts" by American Patriots who felt they simply could not "tolerate" such unfair laws. It applied to all of British America. The laws were meant to punish the Massachusetts colonists for their defiance in the Tea Party protest in reaction to changes in taxation by the British Government. However, in Massachusetts the British troops were forced to remain camped on the Boston Common until the following November because the Boston patriots refused to allow workmen to repair the vacant buildings General Gage had obtained for quarters. The cumulative effect of the reports of colonial resistance to British rule during the winter of 1773–74 was to make Parliament more determined than ever to assert its authority in America. Because of these acts, the Thirteen Colonies were enraged. The laws were meant to punish the Massachusetts colonists for their defiance in the Tea Party protest in reaction to changes in taxation by the British Government. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. A fifth act, the Quebec Act, enlarged the boundaries of what was then the Province of Quebec notably Southwest into the Ohio Country and other future mid-western states, and instituted reforms generally favorable to the French Catholic inhabitants of the region. The king began taxing products from the colonies, and they were not happy about this. Intolerable Acts, also called Coercive Acts, (1774), in U.S. colonial history, four punitive measures enacted by the British Parliament in retaliation for acts of colonial defiance, together with the Quebec Act establishing a new administration for the territory ceded to Britain after the French and Indian War (1754–63). The Intolerable Acts were punitive laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 after the Boston Tea Party. If the Intolerable Acts were not repealed within a year, the colonies agreed to halt exports to Britain as well as support Massachusetts if it was attacked. They began to rebel in various ways, the most notable of which was the Boston Tea Party. Intolerable acts quizlet The Coercive Acts, also known as the Intolerable Acts, were a series of British laws passed in the spring of 1774 intended to assure control of the increasingly unruly American colonies. Learn intolerable with free interactive flashcards. Colonists outside Massachusetts feared that their governments could now also be changed by the legislative fiat of Parliament. The Coercive Acts, which were called the Intolerable Acts by the American colonists, were passed by Parliament in 1774 in response to colonial resistance to British rule. The laws were passed in 1774 by the British parliament. The Intolerable Acts were passed in spring 1774, and helped cause the American Revolution (1775-1783). For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at American Revolution - Intolerable Acts webquest print page. The Intolerable Acts consisted of four acts: the Boston Port Act, Massachusetts Government Act, Administration of Justice Act and the Quebec Act. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at American Revolution - Intolerable Acts webquest print page. Boston Port Act The Boston Port Act was the first Intolerable Act passed. "[7], The citizens of Boston not only viewed this as an act of unnecessary and cruel punishment, but the Coercive Acts drew hatred toward Britain even further. Whatever may be the consequences, we must risk something; if we do not, all is over. Additionally, it was decided that if the Coercive Acts were not reversed after a year, goods were to stop being exported to Great Britain as well. How did they get their name? Intolerable Acts, also called Coercive Acts, (1774), in U.S. colonial history, four punitive measures enacted by the British Parliament in retaliation for acts of colonial defiance, together with the Quebec Act establishing a new administration for the territory ceded to … The four laws that were passed in the Intolerable Acts were the Boston Port Act, the Massachusetts Government Act, the Impartial Administration of Justice Act and the Quartering Act. The acts were passed against the colony of Massachusetts until Boston could repay the money. Talk:Intolerable Acts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Intolerable Acts, also called the Coercive Acts, were the British response to the Massachusetts Tea Party, a political protest during which the revolutionary group the Sons of Liberty boarded several ships in Boston Harbor and threw 342 crates of tea into the harbor to protest the British Tea Act. 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