"Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Flowers are up to about 1/4 inch long (3 to 6 mm), light green to pinkish, 3-sided with 2 series of tepals (petals and similar sepals) and the outer tepals much smaller than the inner. Related keywords. The taproot is large, with numerous branches ext… Grows naturally in waste and cultivated land, grassland and marshy places and can become a persistent garden weed, Propagation Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions. It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. [1] In the UK, the invertebrate herbivore species is a leaf beetle, Gastrophysa viridula. [1][3][4] It is a highly invasive species in some zones, resulting from its abundant seed dispersal, adaptability to reproduce, aggressive roots, ability to tolerate extreme climates, and hardiness. Rumex obtusifolius ← → Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Acetosa oblongifolia . They are: This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. By definition a weed is a plant that is growing in the wrong place. Cambridge University Press. Curly and broadleaf dock . 222879/SC038262, If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases. Basal leaves with petiole usually longer than lamina, stem leaves with shorter petiole; lamina oblong-ovate, to 23 cm long, to 10 cm wide, flat, … These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. [1] Broad-leaved dock is designated an "injurious weed" under the UK Weeds Act 1959. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. It grows at altitudes up to 2,300 metres. Rumex crispus: larger, veiny-patterned parts of the flower without teeth along the margin, usually all 3 of them with a distinct tubercle near the center (vs. R. obtusifolius, with larger, veiny-patterned parts of the flower with marginal teeth, only 1 of which with a tubercle near the center). It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. R. obtusifolius, native to Europe, invaded the northern part of Japan at the end of the nineteenth century. [1] The leaves of this plant can grow to about 30 cm (12 in) in length and 15 centimetres (5.9 in) wide. [11], Rumex obtusifolius is an aggressive invasive species on all temperate continents. Weeds take valuable space, water, sunlight and nutrients that may otherwise be accessible … Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, Our Garden Centres and online shops are packed with unique and thoughtful gifts and decorations to make your Christmas sparkle, General enquiries The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . Early in the year cuckoo flower (Cardamine pratensis) is common, meadow foxtail (Alopecuris pratensis)is known to occur around the margins of these pools. Scientific Name: Rumex spp. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Since the seeds and seed stalks persist through the winter season, you can identify this plant by the fruit’s wings even in the winter. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. This plant blooms June through September. Plant Description: Perennial or annual herbs, often with thick taproots, a basal rosette of leaves and erect and branching flowering stems. Look for the tall, dark brown, branched flower stalks that produced the prior year's seed crop. [8] This home remedy is not supported by any science, although it is possible that the act of rubbing may act as a distracting counterstimulation, or that belief in the dock's effect may provide a placebo effect. Bitter Dock (Rumex obtusifolius) has broad, heart-shaped basal leaves and tepals with a few large teeth around the edge. It is in flower in May. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. The edges of the leaves are slightly "crisped" or wavy, the upper surface is hairless and the under surface may be papillose. broad-leaved dock batter dock, bitter dock broad dock butter dock keddle dock kettle dock, Family [6], Rumex crispus - curly dock - is similar in appearance, but with thinner and wave-like leaves. Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. broad-leaved dock synonym: Rumex sylvestris. Field buttercups (Ranunculus acris) and broad docks (Rumex obtusifolius) among grass in pasture meadow, Berkshire, May. [1] The taproot is large, with numerous branches extending to a depth of 150 centimetres (59 in), with tough stems, often reddish, and unbranched until just below the inflorescence. A tea prepared from the root was thought to cure boils. It was also introduced to many areas of Central America, South America, Australia (including Tasmania), and New Zealand. Search by plant name, key attributes or both to find plant details and a list of They contain oxalic acid which can be hazardous if consumed in large quantities. [9], In George Eliot's Adam Bede, set in the early 19th century, broad dock leaves were used to wrap farmhouse butter. Gledhill, David (2008). We have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a Plant service searching over 250,000 plant records. Europe, All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Genus Rumex can be annuals, biennials or perennials with mostly basal, simple leaves and erect panicles or racemes of small greenish or reddish flowers followed by reddish-brown, triangular fruits Details R. obtusifolius is a robust, tap-rooted perennial to 1m or more, with smooth, oblong, long-stalked leaves. L.; broadleaf dock . Flower: Regular (actinomorphic), approx. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets, Aspect North-facing or South-facing or West-facing or East-facing, MoistureMoist but well-drained, Poorly-drained, Well-drained, Ultimate height Rumex britannica: times, Need more criteria? [1] Rumex was Pliny's name for sorrel,[5] while obtusifolius means 'obtuse-leaved' (obtuse + foliage). The foliage of mature dock plants may be from one to three feet tall, depending on growing conditions, but in early spring, when it's at its most delicious, the smaller plants may be hard to spot. Upright sprays of small, green and red flowers are followed by similar-coloured fruit which then turn russet-brown, together with the stems which may persist into winter, Plant range RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected [10], Rumex obtusifolius is a major host plant for many different insects as well, including the Acronicta rumicis moth. For A. rumicis research, this host plant is generally targeted because it is found highly within the moth's range. Spreads readily by seed; root sections also regrow, Suggested planting locations and garden types Leaf: blade 20--40 cm, 10--15 cm wide, widely ovate to oblong, base generally cordate, margin generally entire, flat, tip obtuse to +- acute. The sorrels will get their own article as soon as possible. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Habit: Perennial herb, glabrous, papillate or not; taproot vertical. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Segments in the outer whorl are small and spreading while the inner whorl forms fruit valves, which are widely ovately-triangular. The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. across, bisexual. Ecological and morphological characteristics of the endoparasitoids of larval, "Home remedies: dock leaves for nettle stings", "List of Invasive species in the Great Lakes Great Lakes United / Union Saint-Laurent Grands Lacs", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rumex_obtusifolius&oldid=988538738, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 20:03. The seeds produced are dry and reddish brown. obtusifolius) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria. Range: Curly dock is found throughout the U.S., including every western state. In more detail, the calyx of curly dock has smooth margins while the calyx of broad-leaved dock has horned margins. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Genus Rumex is a taxonomically difficult genus as the species hybridise frequently – Nothern dock with curled dock (R. cispus), broad-leaved dock (R. obtusifolius), Asiatic dock (R. confertus), Scottish dock (R. aquaticus) and field dock (Finnish dock, R. pseudonatronatus). obtusifolius rumex crop dock eurasian europe european flower german germany green herbal homeopath homeopathic homeopathy medical medicinal medicine nature plant remedy summer traditional vertical wild wildflower yellow. The inflorescence consists of large clusters of racemes which contain small greenish flowers that change to red as they mature. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. [citation needed] Dried seeds are used as a spice. Wildlife Gardens Wildflower meadow, Pruning Cut back prior to seed setting to avoid self-seeding, Diseases Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. Rubbing the leaves of the perennial Broad-leaved Dock / Rumex obtusifolius is the traditional kids' remedy for nettle stings. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. Family: Polygonaceae . Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually. [7], In the United Kingdom, the plant is often found growing near stinging nettles and there is a widely held belief that the underside of the dock leaf, squeezed to extract a little juice, can be rubbed on the skin to counteract the itching caused by brushing against a nettle plant. It is easily recognizable by its very large oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips, some of the lower leaves having red stems. Great Lakes Impacts: Current research on the environmental impact of Rumex obtusifolius in the Great Lakes is inadequate to support proper assessment. Description: Broad-leaved Dock is a perennial, aromatic weed. It is native to Europe, but is found on all temperate continents. [1] It is easily recognizable by its very large oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips, some of the lower leaves having red stems. Meadow dock (Rumex obtusifolius L.) plants in the fields. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant that grows to a height of 40 to 150 cm (16 to 59 in). It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. NATURALIZED. Some are nuisance weeds, but some are grown for their edible … Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius subsp. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. 2-5 years, Cultivation Flower: Branching clusters at the top of the plant, each branch with numerous whorls of 10 to 25 slender-stalked flowers, the whorls not usually crowded on a branch. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as bitter dock,[1][2] broad-leaved dock, bluntleaf dock, dock leaf or butter dock, is a perennial plant in the family Polygonaceae. 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