For more information on food preservation check out the upcoming Fill Your Pantry webinar series (, https://illinois.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJ0uf-2grjotH9a3CtIIWzlfEpNMdaiwmqmG. Downy Serviceberry. 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Reaching from six to twenty feet (2-6 m.) or more at maturity, serviceberries grow in United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) growing zones 2 through 9. - 25 ft. 0 in. Arbor walk #40. In general when pruning you want to start by removing broken or dead branches, then remove unwanted base shoots and branches along the bottom main stem (if growing a tree), and then step back and make your final cuts to create the shape, size, and thickness desired. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) – One of the first plants to burst into bloom each year, this small woody tree gets its name from the downy silvery-colored leaves.The “serviceberry” refers to the Appalachian tradition of honoring memorial services for the dead in January at the same time the serviceberry blooms in clouds of tiny white flowers. I often see them growing along streams and rivers. Names. Serviceberries, also known at Juneberries or Saskatoon, are native to Illinois and many of our neighboring states. The serviceberry is in the rose family so it can suffer from the same type of problems as roses do. The fruit is good to eat but is not as juicy as some (drier). The edible fruit is drier than some other serviceberries, and it is harvested locally for pies and jams, and has been known to be used for wine; they were also used by Native Americans to make bread. Like downy serviceberry, its bark is gray and striped, but it holds its flower clusters more upright. Usually, the birds beat me to the fruit, but this year my tree has such a large crop that I was able to share. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. The fruits taste similar to blueberry – they are eaten fresh or cooked in pastries or puddings. Although they will grow well in both part shade and full sun, planting in full sun is recommended if you want the best tasting and largest harvest of fruit. For jam making, it is always good to have some of the fruit be under-ripe because underripe fruit has more pectin. These leaves change to a brilliant gold to red in the fall. One of the great bonuses of this member of the Rose family is that it does not have thorns. In fall expect to see the leaves transition to a beautiful hue of Yellow, orange and red. Be sure to dispose of infected limbs properly; don’t put them in the compost pile. It can be eaten out of hand, used in pies, preserves etc or dried and used like raisins[183]. They do tolerate pruning so you can use several planted together to form a living shrub fence or prune into a tree shape as a single small tree. Other notes. Let’s learn more about the care of serviceberries in the landscape. Serviceberries enjoy just enough water to keep the soil moist but not saturated. Fruit: Showy, Edible Tolerate: Clay Soil. The Downy Serviceberry does well or is tolerant in Moist, Well-Drained Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy soil. Trees planted in humid climates will require less water than those in dry climates. Serviceberries are beautiful native trees with tasty edible fruit. The fruit has a few small seeds at the centre, some forms are dry and tasteless[11, 177, 227] whilst others are sweet and juicy[183, 227]. The best time to apply mulch is in the early spring. You can also can the berries in juice, syrup, or water or make jam with the berries (, https://nchfp.uga.edu/publications/usda/GUIDE02_HomeCan_rev0715.pdf, ). Place a 2-inch (5 cm.) https://thelandconnection.org/blog/edible-native-landscaping-serviceberry ‘Robin Hill’):  20 to 25 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide ; upright-oval habit, red to yellow fall color. The classification of serviceberries is actually a bit confusing, and even botanists will disagree on exact species names. Because service berries are native they don’t have many insect pressures or diseases a healthy tree can’t fight through. I often see them growing along streams and rivers. You should always wash your produce well before consuming it. The Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) is a large shrub or small tree which reaches 15-20 feet in height. The berries begin to take shape through May and ripen in late spring to early summer (June). Dimensions: Height: 15 ft. 0 in. Similar … Trees and shrubs should be pruned in later winter (February and early March) before they start to form new leaves. They do tolerate pruning so you can use several planted together to form a living shrub fence or prune into a tree shape as a single small tree. Other names: French name: Amélanchier arborescent. Nets are often used to protect fruit from hungry birds. For jam making, it is always good to have some of the fruit be under-ripe because underripe fruit has more pectin. The ample flowers and pollen resources attract pollinators in the spring. Be on the lookout for Japanese beetles, spider mites, aphids and leaf miners, as well as borers. No … PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Description: Plant Size: Generally … Noteworthy Characteristics. There are several cultivars that have been bred to accentuate these various features. Since the serviceberry can be a shrub or a small tree you need to have your end shape in mind from the very start. Known also as the Common Serviceberry. You can also can the berries in juice, syrup, or water or make jam with the berries (https://nchfp.uga.edu/publications/usda/GUIDE02_HomeCan_rev0715.pdf). Plants benefit from a mulch layer to conserve moisture and moderate soil temperatures. ‘Cole’s Select’): 20 feet high and 15 feet wide; upright, spreading habit; orange-red fall color; thick, glossy summer foliage. To avoid serious problems with insects and disease, keep your serviceberry as healthy as possible. Organic fertilizer applied around the drip line in six week intervals during the growing season will keep growing serviceberry trees looking their best. Width: 15 ft. 0 in. The tree averages 25 feet in height and 30 feet in width. Shadblow serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis) grows 6 to 30 feet in height. Common English name: Downy serviceberry. Growing Serviceberry for Fruit and Beauty April 7, 2020 7:25 pm The summer fruits of serviceberry are tart and sweet.. Well-loved plants tend to collect lots of descriptive common names. KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF DOWNY SERVICEBERRY White blooms in early spring attract pollinators and provide a pop against bare branches. Powdery mildew, rust and leaf spot may also occur. In general when pruning you want to start by removing broken or dead branches, then remove unwanted base shoots and branches along the bottom main stem (if growing a tree), and then step back and make your final cuts to create the shape, size, and thickness desired. - 25 ft. 0 in. One of the great bonuses of this member of the Rose family is that it does not have thorns. If you want a shrub, leave several branches coming from the base; if you want a tree trim all of the branches around the base except for one, this will become your tree trunk. Recently I picked several fruits to eat with cereal and freeze for smoothies. Princess Diana apple serviceberry  (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Princess Diana’):   20 to 25 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright habit, excellent red fall color. Latin (scientific) name: Amelanchier arborea. Autumn Brilliance apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’):  20 to 25 feet high and wide;  red fall color. The fruit ripens unevenly over a period of 2 - 3 weeks and is very attractive to birds, this makes harvesting them … One of the great bonuses of this member of the Rose family is that it does not have thorns. No information available. Downy Serviceberry. Status. There are a number of these trees located on the edge of Mayer Mall alongside of Van Munching Hall at the University of Maryland. However, its fruit turns purplish-black at maturity and are also quite delicious. Some people, such as Maritimers, call them shadbush which points to their blooms coming at the same time as the run of an Atlantic coast shad fish. Serviceberry (Amelanchier sp. Serviceberry (Amelanchierspp.) Planting in the spring will give the trees a lot of rainfall and time to get settled before the heat of the summer hits. Irrigate when the top 3 or 4 inches (7.5-10 cm.) Serviceberries are beautiful native trees with tasty edible fruit. Sign up for our newsletter. Making it a cold and heat hardy serviceberry. (https://extension.illinois.edu/blogs/good-growing/2016-03-30-plant-tree ; https://www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-and-plant-advice/horticulture-care/fall-planting-trees-and-shrubs). Edible fruit - raw or cooked[101, 227]. Use clean and sharp pruners to remove just what is necessary. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! All are edible, none are poisonous, so if you know it is a Serviceberry, you can try the berry. Forest Prince apple serviceberry  (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Forest Prince’):  20 feet high and 15 feet wide;  oval habit and red-orange fall color. Inspect the tree for deadwood, diseased wood and crossed branches. Cole’s Select apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Cole’s Select’): 20 feet high and 15 feet wide; upright, spreading habit; orange-red fall color; thick, glossy summer foliage. Serviceberries, also known at Juneberries or Saskatoon, are native to Illinois and many of our neighboring states. Serviceberries can be eaten raw; in my opinion, they taste a bit like a pear. Growing Serviceberry for Fruit and Beauty April 7, 2020 7:25 pm The summer fruits of serviceberry are tart and sweet.. Well-loved plants tend to collect lots of descriptive common names. The native downy serviceberry produces a small red fruit edible for people and wildlife. A slightly smaller tree, this serviceberry has similar features to the downy serviceberry. have amassed quite a few, including Juneberry, shadbush, shadblow, May cherry, servicetree, and sarvisberry. Others are better fresh. Fragrant white flowers open in mid-spring, followed by red-purple fruit. All of them have small, elliptical leaves with fine teeth along the edges. Fall colour ranges from orange to rust. These plants are hardy from zone 4 to 9. On most, the berries are sweet and juicy, some (like the Downy Serviceberry) the fruit is dry and tasteless. Introducing the serviceberry, a beautiful landscape tree or shrub suitable in much of North America, to the edible landscape. Plant trees 9 feet (2.5 m.) apart as a hedgerow for serviceberry fruit production. For more information on food preservation check out the upcoming Fill Your Pantry webinar series (https://illinois.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJ0uf-2grjotH9a3CtIIWzlfEpNMdaiwmqmG). Filed Under: Blog Tagged With: Fruit, Native Plants, Native Species, Serviceberry, 206 North Randolph Street, Suite 400 - Champaign, Illinois 61820 217-840-2128. by Erin Harper, University of Illinois Extension. While all serviceberry fruit is edible, the tastiest fruit is found on the Saskatoon variety. https://extension.illinois.edu/blogs/good-growing/2016-03-30-plant-tree, https://www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-and-plant-advice/horticulture-care/fall-planting-trees-and-shrubs, Trees and shrubs should be pruned in later winter (February and early March) before they start to form new leaves. The red or dark purple fruit are typically sweet and juicy, although some, like Amelanchier arborea are drier and don’t have as much flavour. They are all edible although, with local conditions such as soil and weather dictating their exact taste and juiciness. Native. Downy serviceberry is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. is a small deciduous tree or shrub with attractive white spring blossoms, that provides year-round interest in the landscape, as well as producing edible fruits. Amelanchier alnifolia, the saskatoon, Pacific serviceberry, western serviceberry, alder-leaf shadbush, dwarf shadbush, chuckley pear, or western juneberry, is a shrub with edible berry-like fruit, native to North America from Alaska across most of western Canada and in the western and north-central United States.Historically, it was also called pigeon berry. They are not salt tolerant so planting too close to a driveway, sidewalk, or road can cause stress to the shrub or tree. Even though serviceberry species vary in size and form, most of them share a few characteristics. Mammals that either eat the fruit or browse the twigs and leaves of downy serviceberry include squirrels, rabbits, chipmunks, mice, voles, foxes, black bears, deer, and elk. Native to Canada. Serviceberries are trees or bushes, depending on cultivar, with a beautiful natural shape and edible fruit. Jul 10, 2014 - These small delicious blueberry like fruits are on a Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) tree. Edible fruit/nut tree? Range map for Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea). Amelanchier arborea, or Serviceberry, is a deciduous tree that typically grows 15 to 25 feet tall with a narrow, rounded form; however, it can reach heights of 40' in the wild.The trunk can range from 6 inches for a small tree to 18 inches. Serviceberry fruit is delicious straight from the tree and can be used any way you’d use blueberries: smoothies, cobblers, pies, muffins, pancakes, jellies, jams, and ice cream. Check out this YouTube video for more on tree pruning (, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2ZwfqMCT0E, Serviceberries can be eaten raw; in my opinion, they taste a bit like a pear. ‘Forest Prince’):  20 feet high and 15 feet wide;  oval habit and red-orange fall color. Recently I picked several fruits to eat with cereal and freeze for smoothies. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. https://thelandconnection.org/blog/edible-native-landscaping-serviceberry Amelanchier arborea, commonly called downy serviceberry, is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-25' tall in cultivation but can reach 40' in the wild.A Missouri native plant that occurs most often in open rocky woods, wooded slopes, and bluffs. Serviceberries (Amelanchier spp.) Edible Parts: Fruit Edible Uses: Edible fruit - raw or cooked[3, 55, 101, 159]. When leaves first appear, they are fuzzy, before transforming to yellow, red, and orange leaves in fall. Sam Bahr, photographer On most, the berries are sweet and juicy, some (like the Downy Serviceberry) the fruit is dry and tasteless. Serviceberries are not overly sensitive to soil type but prefer a pH of 6.0 to 7.8. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. The flowers last only a few days and give way to juicy berries that resemble blueberries in size, color and flavor. Usually, the birds beat me to the fruit, but this year my tree has such a large crop that I was able to share. If you have newly planted trees (3-5 years) be sure to water your trees during the drier times of the year. The flowers are white, fragrant and followed by red-purple fruit. The plants are slightly different, as are the fruit, but as a whole, they’re all pretty similar wild edible berries. Serviceberries are beautiful native trees with tasty edible fruit. layer of mulch around the plant to help with moisture retention and to add a decorative effect. Amelanchier arborea, commonly called downy serviceberry, is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-25' tall in cultivation but can reach 40' in the wild.A Missouri native plant that occurs most often in open rocky woods, wooded slopes, and bluffs. Birds will be your biggest problem. Serviceberry (Amelanchier sp. They also perform best in soil that is lighter and not loaded with clay, as this prevents adequate drainage. orioles) eat the fruit of Amelanchier species. The Downy Serviceberry does well or is tolerant in Moist, Well-Drained Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy soil. If you want a shrub, leave several branches coming from the base; if you want a tree trim all of the branches around the base except for one, this will become your tree trunk. The Downy Serviceberry does well or is tolerant in Moist, Well-Drained Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy soil. There are several different varieties of serviceberry with variations in height, fruit ripening time, and fall color. This is also helpful for picking the berries before the birds get them. The most flavorful amelanchier is the Saskatoon serviceberry (A. alnifolia). The Downy Serviceberry has silvery fuzzy buds in late winter. All are edible, none are poisonous, so if you know it is a Serviceberry, you can try the berry. Serviceberries require pruning yearly; late winter or early spring is best before the new leaves appear. With proper conditions they will produce Fruits that are edible to humans. Like other members of the species, it can be pruned to a small tree with a … Some people think it tastes like blueberries, and they are also a bird favorite. June berries are prized by wildlife and edible by humans. Fall is also the time of year plants put energy into their root system growth so this is perfect for establishing new plants. With proper conditions they will produce Fruits that are edible to humans. When the berries start to ripen the birds will eat the berries. Since the serviceberry can be a shrub or a small tree you need to have your end shape in mind from the very start. The early white spring flowers, outstanding orange-red fall color, and striking gray bark make it a lovely specimen for any landscape. YES. No matter what you call them, trees and shrubs of the … Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea). Fall planted trees (September-October) will have time to take up water and establish before winter. The berries change from green, to pink, to red, and then a dark purple when they are fully ripe. You can freeze services berries for use in smoothies or pies (, ). This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Trees and shrubs can be planted in the spring or the fall. Serviceberry is considered a derivative of sarvisberry, which in turn comes from a Latin word for a European tree with similar-looking fruit. The fruit contains a few small seeds at the centre, it has a sweet flavour with a hint of apple[1, 2]. Check out this YouTube video for more on tree pruning (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2ZwfqMCT0E). Introduction: Downy serviceberry is one of the largest serviceberries, growing up to 30 feet tall.It can grow into a single or multistemmed plant. If you are growing this tree to attract wildlife this is not a problem, it is a blessing. You can freeze services berries for use in smoothies or pies (https://nchfp.uga.edu/how/freeze.html). And this lovely tree leaves you with a nice silvery gray bark for the winter months. These tend to grow to a large shrub size with lots of purple edible berries that are similar to blueberries. And don’t forget sorbet, pudding, wine, fruit leather, or syrup. Serviceberries (Amelanchier spp.) You should always wash your produce well before consuming it. With proper conditions they will produce Fruits that are edible to humans. Well, Downy serviceberry is that plant. Leaving some old growth is important, as the flowers form on old wood. In fall expect to see the leaves transition to a beautiful hue of Yellow, orange and red. The early summer berries are edible by both humans and wildlife. Small dark red fruit follows in summer. Recently I picked several fruits to eat with cereal and freeze for smoothies. Downy Serviceberry, Amelanchier arborea, also called Downy Juneberry, is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-25 feet tall in cultivation but can reach 40 feet in the wild. Noteworthy Characteristics. Also called juneberries or Saskatoon berries, several serviceberry species are native to Minnesota and other parts of the United States. all serviceberry fruit is edible, the tastiest fruit is found on the Saskatoon variety. If you are growing this tree for a food source for yourself, you will want to keep a close eye on the berries ripening and harvest them quickly. have amassed quite a few, including Juneberry, shadbush, shadblow, May cherry, servicetree, and sarvisberry. Good for baked goods and jams. Its berries are dark blue or nearly black when they are ripe. Smooth bark has "stretch marks," adding to visual interest all year. Allegheny serviceberry is a small native understory tree with four-season interest. Edible fruit Fragrance Shade Wildlife Food Source Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems): Mildly resistant to deer damage Edibility: Tasty fruits, similar in flavor to blueberries, edible raw or cooked. At this point in the year (beginning of June) I would recommend waiting for fall to plant new trees or shrubs. A member of the genus Amelanchier, serviceberries reward homeowners with a spectacular display of showy white flowers that look like lilacs in the spring, attractive fall foliage and pretty gray bark. ), also called Juneberry, are native here. Throughout the summer the serviceberry has beautiful full medium sided simple leaves. Delicate clusters of white flowers are some of the first to appear in the spring, then plumy-red leaf buds unfurl into fuzzy roundedfoliage. A. laevis (Allegheny serviceberry). In my experience, there are plenty of berries to feed myself and still leave a lot for the birds. Robin Hill apple serviceberry   (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Robin Hill’):  20 to 25 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide ; upright-oval habit, red to yellow fall color. Habitat. This Missouri native tree offers edible small berry-like fruit, usually quickly eaten by birds, that changes color throughout the seasons. Do not allow the mulch to touch the trunk of the tree. It starts out green, turns red, then blue-black in June. The summer can stress the tree in long stretches of no rainfall. The flowers are white, fragrant and followed by red-purple fruit. This is also helpful for picking the berries before the birds get them. ‘Autumn Brilliance’):  20 to 25 feet high and wide;  red fall color. Tolerates most soils, use in woodland areas or native plant gardens. Care of serviceberries planted in sandy soils requires more frequent watering, as it drains quicker than loamy soil. of soil feels dry. ‘Princess Diana’):   20 to 25 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright habit, excellent red fall color. Phonetic Spelling am-uh-LAN-kee-er ar-bor-EE-ah Description. There are several different varieties of serviceberry with variations in height, fruit ripening time, and fall color. Introduction: Downy serviceberry is one of the largest serviceberries, growing up to 30 feet tall.It can grow into a single or multistemmed plant. ), also called Juneberry, are native here. There’s a lot of overlap and interbreeding, along with variation within species. The edible purplish-black fruit in late summer is attractive to many birds. Serviceberry provides year-round interest in white spring flowers, yellow to red fall foliage, smooth gray bark, and edible purple fruit. 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The edge of Mayer Mall alongside of Van Munching Hall at the University of Maryland soil and weather their. The Rose family so it can be a shrub or a small tree with four-season.! Of 6.0 to 7.8 out the upcoming Fill your Pantry webinar series (,.! A decorative effect have thorns, use in woodland areas or native plant gardens different varieties of with. Have newly planted trees ( 3-5 years ) be sure to water your trees during growing... See them growing along streams and rivers put them in the spring ( April ) more.. Stress the tree is not a problem, it is always good to eat cereal. Clay, as it drains quicker than Loamy soil conditions they will produce fruits that are edible none! On the edge of Mayer Mall alongside of Van Munching Hall at the University Maryland! On gardening know How: keep up to get settled before the new leaves Rose. To appear in the compost pile spring is best before the heat of the family! Be eaten raw ; in my experience, there are several different of!