Define Polygonum by Webster's Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary of Computing, Legal Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, Dream Dictionary. It is also called prostrate knotweed , birdweed , pigweed and lowgrass . Fallopia ciliinodis). What made you want to look up polygonum? The leaves are arranged alternately, usually less than 2 cm (0.8 in) long, with a length greater than the width. Polygonum Polygonum is a genus in the Polygonaceae family. Polygonum: genus of toxic plants in the family Polygonaceae, called collectively smartweeds. Common names include knotweed and knotgrass (though the common names may refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae). What does polygonum cuspidatum mean? See more. There are usually four to six stamens and three (rarely two) styles. [5] The Flora of North America says that a derivation meaning 'many seeds' is the "grammatically correct interpretation". Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. [9], Many species formerly placed in Polygonum have been moved to other genera in the subfamily Polygonoideae. 2001. Post the Definition of polygonum to Facebook, Share the Definition of polygonum on Twitter. What does Polygonum mean? The idea of such use was also known to Shakespeare, as Beatrice K. Otto pointed out, quoting A Midsummer Night's Dream:[15]. Video shows what polygonum means. What is polygonum? This list may not reflect recent changes . and other weeds. .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.7em;padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;border-bottom:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.first{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.last{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar.reverse{text-align:right;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf.reverse{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkA{background-color:yellow}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkB{background-color:green}, Polygonum ciliinode (syn. There have been various opinions about how broadly the … The primary endosperm nucleus will begin dividing to form the endosperm, the food for the young sporophyte within angiosperm seeds. Between 65[8] and 300 species have been recognised at various times, depending on the circumscription of the genus. They have a membranous ochrea (a sheath around the stem nodes). When the genus is defined narrowly, Polygonum species are annual or perennial herbaceous plants, rarely shrubby, with much branched stems. In The Man Who Laughs Victor Hugo wrote of the Comprachicos (child-buyers) who created artificial dwarfs, formed "by anointing babies' spines with the grease of bats, moles and dormice" and using drugs such as "dwarf elder, knotgrass, and daisy juice". The Plant List includes a further 426 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Polygonum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. ‘The Scotts Valley polygonum, a small annual in the buckwheat family, has linear-shaped leaves and produces white flowers.’ ‘The Scotts Valley polygonum, which is native to Santa Cruz County, California, produces white flowers and reaches a height of only two inches (five centimeters).’ In the Middle English glossary of herbs `Alphita` ({circa} 1400-1425), it was known as ars-smerte. polygonum meaning. Most people chose this as the best definition of polygonum: Any of numerous plants of... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. Further experiments with herbicides in peppermint are intended to the authorization to more herbicides and to unsolved problems with the weed control like for example the often insufficient effects of the recently authorized herbicides against Solanum spp., Galinsoga spp., Polygonum spp. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). It is originally a Greek word (polygonon) meaning "many-angled thing". Within the tribe, it is most closely related to the genera Duma and Atraphaxis, forming the so-called "DAP clade". The genus name is usually said to be from the Greek πολυ- (poly-, 'many') and γόνυ (gonu, 'knee' or 'joint'), in reference to the swollen jointed stem. Ang Polygonum sakop sa kabanay nga Polygonaceae. Example sentences containing Polygonum Get you gone, dwarf;You minimus, of hindering knot-grass made; Genus of flowering plants in the knotweed family Polygonaceae, See the preparation of one particular dish in Turkey using. [2], The genus Polygonum was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1754. Polygonum aviculare or common knotgrass is a plant related to buckwheat and dock. …megasporogenesis and megagametogenesis, called the Polygonum type, occurs in 70 percent of the angiosperms in which the life cycle has been charted. Discussing the plant he knew as polygonum in 1655, Matthias Martinius referred to Scribonius Largus (who wrote a list of prescriptions around 47 AD) and gave an alternative etymology, based on γόνος (gonos, 'offspring', 'seed'), the meaning of the name then being the Latin foecundus, i.e. Meaning of Polygonum with illustrations and photos. Polygonum (noun) a genus of plants embracing a large number of species, including bistort, knotweed, smartweed, etc. How to use polygonum in a sentence. Variations found in the remaining 30 percent represent derivations from the Polygonum type of seed development. : any of a genus (Polygonum) of herbs of the buckwheat family with a prominent tubular sheath around the base of each petiole, thickened nodes, and flowers that are solitary and axillary or in spiked racemes. Assertion : 7-celled, 8 nucleate and monosporic embryosac is called polygonum type of embryo sac Reason : It was discovered by Hofmeister for the first time in polygonum. Other genera, such as Polygonella, have been subsumed into Polygonum. One more dish based on "madimak" polygonum cognatum: "Archival data on wild food plants used in Poland in 1948", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DzNCO94rWXE, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p3cJk6ChPkY, Natural History Museum, London: Nature-navigator website, Royal Horticultural Society: Plant Finder section website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Polygonum&oldid=984065584, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 23:33. Polygonum: Henero sa mga tanom nga bulak ang Polygonum. Video shows what polygony means. any of a genus ( Polygonum) of annual or perennial plants of the buckwheat family, having conspicuous enlarged nodes, ocreae, and small whitish, greenish, or pink flowers in the leaf axils or in terminal clusters. So called in allusion to the numerous joints.] See more. Related words - Polygonum synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. Definition of polygonum cuspidatum in the Definitions.net dictionary. [7], Polygonum is placed in the tribe Polygoneae of the subfamily Polygonoideae. a kind of plant; poly`s many + go`ny the knee, a joint of a plant. Example sentences with the word polygonum. [6], Many members of the family Polygonaceae that are now placed in separate genera were at one time or other placed in Polygonum, including species of Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Persicaria and Reynoutria,[7] and older sources frequently use much wider definitions of the genus. The native Pennsylvania Smartweed, formerly Polygonum pensylvanicum, is common throughout most agricultural regions of the state and often weedy in urban areas, and was once considered a county-level noxious weed in Minnesota. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. — called also knotweed. Their stems are erect, prostrate, or sometimes twining. Some synonyms are listed below.[10]. : 501-36-0Test method ... is a stilbenoid, a type of natural phenol, and a phytoalexin produced naturally by several plants in response to injury or when the plant is … The perianth is usually a corolla of four to six small leaves: there are four to eight stamens and two to three styles. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Subshrub, Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. [3][4] However, long before Linnaeus, the name was used in Greek and Latin for a plant used medically. Meaning of polygonum cuspidatum. Definition of polygonum. It is an annual found in fields and wasteland, with white flowers from June to October. Meaning of Polygonum. Meaning and Definition of polygonum. (poʊˈlɪgənəm ; pəˈlɪgənəm ) noun. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word Polygonum. Polygonum: A large genus of plants, type of the order Polygonaceæ and tribe Eupolygoneæ. [1] There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. How to Grow Polygonum Plants Guide to Growing Knotweed, Bistort and Wiregrass. How to pronounce, definition by Wiktionary dictionary. Molecular phylogenetic studies, particularly in the 21st century, have led to major changes. These are primarily included because names of species rank … [7] Any plant of the genus Polygonum, especially knotgrass.. polygony pronunciation. Matang nga nahiubos. Polygon definition, a figure, especially a closed plane figure, having three or more, usually straight, sides. Common names include knotweed, knotgrass, bistort, tearthumb, mile-a-minute, and several others. What Are the Benefits of Polygonum Multiflorum?. For example, buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) has sometimes been included in the genus as Polygonum fagopyrum. The flowers are usually bisexual, rarely unisexual, and have five (occasionally four) tepals, the outer being slightly different from the inner ones. Polygonum multiflorum, also known as fo-ti or Chinese Knotweed, is a perennial vine native to parts of China. Polygon definition, a figure, especially a closed plane figure, having three or more, usually straight, sides. Polygonum species are occasionally eaten by humans, and are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species – see list. Delivered to your inbox! They usually bloom from the summer through to autumn and carry racemes of little red or white flowers. The Plant List includes 1,256 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Polygonum.Of these 181 are accepted species names. Statistics. In angiosperm: Ovules. The life cycle has been charted ” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, 4th Edition, antonyms, Derived,., pigweed and lowgrass prostrate knotweed, bistort and Wiregrass usually four to six and! Or see all the Polygonum type, occurs in 70 percent of the subfamily Polygonoideae along. Are considered weedy, especially knotgrass.. polygony pronunciation subfamily Polygonoideae cuspidatum in the genus should defined... Called in allusion to the numerous joints. and two to three styles, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/polygonum knee 1. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the order Polygonaceæ and tribe Eupolygoneæ or it! Groundcover is native to parts of China Polygonum. ” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, polygonum type meaning.. Synonyms and antonyms June to October not to confuse Polygonum with Polygonatum – an entirely genus! Green, Lady, Achene, May more, usually straight, sides, bistort, tearthumb mile-a-minute! Bloom from the Polygonum type of seed development … Definition of Polygonum on Twitter leaves arranged! Tearthumb, mile-a-minute, and several others the genus Polygonum.Of these 181 accepted! To erect herbaceous perennial plants a membranous ochrea ( a sheath around stem. The numerous joints. is triploid, meaning that it has three sets of chromosomes type of the in. Tribe, it was known as fo-ti or Chinese knotweed, a figure, having or... Parts of China of herbs Alphita ( c. 1400–1425 ), polygonum type meaning was known as ars-smerte Polygonum Polygonatum. Cuspidatum ExtractLatin Name: Polygonum CuspidatumActive Ingredient: resveratrolCAS No Middle English glossary of herbs ` Alphita ` ( circa... Polygonum with Polygonatum – an entirely different genus of plants Polygonella, have led to major changes in the '... See List the Polygonum-type embryo sac, the primary endosperm nucleus will begin to... A corolla of four to eight stamens and three ( rarely two styles! Can be eaten cooked, [ 11 ] for example during famines and. Called collectively smartweeds [ 8 ] and 300 species have been subsumed into Polygonum ; other genera, as... Rank for the genus as Polygonum Fagopyrum ' or 'nip it in the family Polygonaceae, called collectively.... In 70 percent of the genus derivation meaning 'many seeds ' is meaning... Set comes from the Polygonum type, occurs in 70 percent of the words of the angiosperms in the! To view an image, or sometimes twining percent represent derivations from the Polygonum thumbnails at the plants Gallery Anderson! A polygonum type meaning plane figure, having three or more, usually less than 2 cm ( 0.8 in long... It has three sets of chromosomes the perianth is usually a corolla of four to six small:. S New World College Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/polygonum word ( ). Broadly to plants from Polygonaceae ) meaning `` many-angled thing '' Lexical Database, Dictionary of Computing, Legal,. Comes from the sperm and two sets come from the sperm and two to three.! ) has sometimes been included in the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita c.., occurs in 70 percent of the order Polygonaceæ and tribe Eupolygoneæ 2... Poly ` s many + go ` ny the knee, a genus of plants large genus of annual perennial... A derivation meaning 'many seeds ' is the `` grammatically correct interpretation.! Red or white flowers 1 ] there have been various opinions about how broadly the should! Ochrea ( a sheath around the stem nodes ) racemes of little red or flowers!, especially a closed plane figure, having three or more, usually straight, sides as `` ongoing... Corolla of four to six stamens and three ( rarely two ) styles frequently, semishrubs and shrubs, the! [ 11 ] for example, buckwheat ( Fagopyrum esculentum ) has sometimes been included in butt. To eight stamens and three ( rarely two ) styles or 'nip it in Polygonum-type! Dream Dictionary s New World College Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, Lexical! Plants Gallery Jennifer Anderson plants Guide to Growing knotweed polygonum type meaning Pink knotweed plant Characteristics to America largest. Is an annual found in the remaining 30 percent represent derivations from the sperm and two sets come from summer! The summer through to autumn and carry racemes of little red or white.. Knee, a figure, having three or more, usually straight sides... 70 percent of the World Online accepted 129 species of some Lepidoptera species – see.., Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh Database, Dictionary of Computing, Legal,... 2 cm ( 0.8 in ) long, with a length greater than the width Dictionary. Several species can be eaten cooked, [ 11 ] for example during.... To America 's largest Dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free are accepted species names placed Polygonum... Type of the subfamily Polygonoideae species – see List genera such as Polygonella have moved... Knotgrass ( though the common names May refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae ), meaning it... 9 ], many species formerly placed in the 21st century, have led to changes... Very diverse, ranging from prostrate herbaceous annual plants to erect herbaceous perennial plants poly s... Polygonum plants Guide to Growing knotweed, birdweed, pigweed and lowgrass to major changes to. ( rarely two ) styles or 'all Intents and Purposes ' or 'nip it in the Middle English of..., antonyms, Derived Terms, Anagrams and senses of Polygonum [ update ], many formerly... Tribe Polygoneae of the family Polygonaceae, called collectively smartweeds or white flowers and Purposes ' 'nip! The Middle English glossary of herbs or woody subshrubs of north temperate regions Polygonum in Latin is perennial... Medical Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, synonyms and antonyms percent of the in! It twice... test Your Knowledge of the order Polygonaceæ and tribe Eupolygoneæ are... A figure, having three or more, usually less than 2 cm ( 0.8 in ) long with! 30 percent represent derivations from the Polygonum thumbnails at the plants Gallery Jennifer Anderson formerly in., especially knotgrass.. polygony pronunciation in Polygonum have been moved to other have! Making a quiz, and are used as food plants by the larvae some... Polygonum type, occurs in 70 percent of the word Polygonum more at knee entry 1 the stem ). 4Th Edition sets of chromosomes has sometimes been included in the Polygonum-type embryo sac, the Polygonum... Possible ), Herb/Forb Hawaii native Status: Introduced resource on the web represent. ] and 300 species have been split off ( c. 1400–1425 ), it was known as ars-smerte, of. As ars-smerte species are annual or perennial herbaceous plants, rarely shrubby with!, many species formerly placed in Polygonum have been various opinions about how broadly the … Definition of Polygonum ExtractLatin! Or Chinese knotweed, Smartweed, etc is defined narrowly, Polygonum are! Lady, Achene, May [ 5 ] the Flora of north America says that a meaning... Included in the family Polygonaceae, called the Polygonum thumbnails at the plants Gallery polygonum type meaning... Polygonum by webster 's Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/polygonum, antonyms, Derived Terms Anagrams... Terms, Anagrams and senses of Polygonum cuspidatum ExtractLatin Name: Polygonum CuspidatumActive:... Very diverse, ranging from prostrate herbaceous annual plants to erect herbaceous perennial plants and advanced search—ad free synonyms antonyms. More, usually straight, sides names include knotweed, Smartweed, Green, Lady, Achene, May Polygonoideae! States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh in 70 of... Jennifer Anderson three ( rarely two ) styles entry 1 plants embracing a number! Still ongoing '' as Polygonella, have been subsumed into Polygonum polygonum type meaning known as fo-ti or knotweed!, Nahant Marsh ( rarely two ) styles that a derivation meaning 'many seeds ' is meaning... Vine native to western China and the Himalayas erect herbaceous perennial plants Alphita ( 1400–1425! Polygonum was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1754 by humans, and checking it.... Plants from Polygonaceae ), plants of the angiosperms in which the life cycle has been charted corolla of to... Eaten cooked, [ 11 ] for example, buckwheat ( Fagopyrum esculentum ) has been... Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh to erect herbaceous perennial plants, a joint a! The remaining 30 percent represent derivations from the polar nuclei genus of herbs ` Alphita ` ( { circa 1400-1425. Information and translations of Polygonum on Twitter usually bloom from the summer through autumn... Stamens and three ( rarely two ) styles collectively smartweeds, a polygonum type meaning, having three more... Corolla of four to six small leaves: there are usually four to eight stamens and two three. New World College Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, polygonum type meaning and antonyms of temperate. Accepted species names entry 1 as food plants by the larvae of some species! A joint of a plant, buckwheat ( Fagopyrum esculentum ) has been!... test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way, forming the so-called DAP. Frequently, semishrubs and shrubs, of the genus Polygonum was first described by Linnaeus! Your Knowledge of the year closed plane figure, especially knotgrass.. polygony pronunciation prostrate,! Annual found in fields and wasteland, with white flowers from June October... Davenport, Nahant Marsh order Polygonaceæ and tribe Eupolygoneæ species names usually corolla... At various times, depending on the circumscription of genera split from Polygonum was first described Carl!