Keep in mind that Zoysia is very slow-growing, so it can take about 2-3 years to completely take over these other grasses. They are usually a blend of several hybrids that offer different qualities. I spent a year battling the Bermuda, then gave up. Wear Tolerance. in Landscape Design/Organic Produce Production from the Nebraska College of Technical Agriculture. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. If you worry it, you will probably have bermuda; if you turn your back on it, you will have zoysiagrass. If your zoysia grass is as dense as most, the fescue seed will be caught on the leaves and will not contact the soil at all. I brought in 60 yards of top soil 4 years ago and plugged Zoysia. Zoysia is touted as a low-maintenance, all-purpose, wondergrass that may even eliminate the need to care for your lawn at all. Click Here to see the latest deals (link To Amazon). Any tips would be appreciated. If your existing Bermuda grass lawn is partially shaded, overseeding with shade-friendly zoysia may help to keep your entire lawn green and attractive through much of the year. Step 1 Read our complete guide to establishing and maintaining a healthy zoysia lawn. Zoysia generally requires 10 fewer mowings per growing season than the average Bermuda grass lawn. The best thing you can do to maintain a healthy zoysia lawn over winter is to overseed and use a cold weather grass type for the winter months. The downside to this preparation is that zoysiagrass grows better when left alone and the roots are undisturbed. There are three zoysia species used as turfgrass or ground covers in the U.S. Japanese or Korean lawngrass (Zoysia japonica) and its hybrids is the type primarily used for lawns. When you’re trying to prevent weeds and unwanted grasses in your lawn, the best offense is a good defense. per 1000 sq. If you have to overseed… Zoysia is touted as a low-maintenance, all-purpose, wondergrass that may even eliminate the need to care for your lawn at all. Zoysia grass is known for its ability to stand up to heat, drought, heavy foot traffic and a variety of other challenges. Mascarenegrass also thrives in shady locations, unlike other zoysia species. Zoysia is a warm-season grass, which means it has a creeping growth habit that allows it to quickly fill in patches of bare soil. In fact, Zoysia turf can survive on natural rainfall alone thanks to its deep-rooted system. Overseeding Zoysia With Fescue By Rona On December 16, 2018 ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ Removing zoysia gr from your cool how to grow zoysia gr from seed compare zenith zoysia gr compadre is bluegr fescue or ryegr best when to overseed bermuda gr best lawn for overseed. Zoysia will generally not choke out fescue in deep or moderate shade. She is a regular freelancer for "Living Light News," an award-winning national publication. Drought Tolerance. Overseeding a lawn with Zoysia is challenging. You will see planting rates recommended as low as 1 lb. So overseeding can damage the health of the existing lawn. This is part of what makes zoysia low-maintenance, which is the appeal for many homeowners. link to How to Keep Crabgrass Out of Flower Beds, link to 5 Tips for Creating Beautiful, Low-Maintenance Flower Beds, complete guide to establishing and maintaining a healthy zoysia lawn, Growing Tall Fescue In Difficult Soil: Renee’s Success Story, Will Zoysia Grow In Clay Soil? How Long Is the Germination Time for Bermuda Grass Seed? 2. So it will be like tug of war but the zosia will win. Sydney has over 15 years of experience in lawn maintenance, landscape design, and organic gardening. Read more on why we don't sell Zenith Zoysia as plugs: Pull the Plug on Zoysia Grass Plugs! It is hardy in United States Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 to 11. By the way, I live in northeast Alabama and have large oak trees in both the front and back yards, and the zoysia does not grow at all beneath the canopies. You sure can.. Aerating and verticutting the yard prior to overseeding is recommended. IF you (Homeowner or professional) can correctly prepare the site, plant at correct depths, fertilize regular, mow regular and provide irrigation to the site it is possible to obtain a successful stand with 1 lb. You may need to mow the lawn twice to achieve a grass blade that is an inch in height. Zoysia can tolerate light shade, but it cannot tolerate the deep shade where fescue thrives. The one agreed upon warm-season grass that can tolerate overseeding is Bermuda grass, while experts are divided on whether zoysia grass can recover from overseeding. Overseeding centipede grass with fescue or zoysia grass will improve the appearance of your lawn. Zoysia, also called zoysiagrass, is a warm-weather turfgrass from Asia comprised of several different species, the most common being Zoysia japonica. This turf does not tolerate cold winter temperatures. Amazon has put together some great Home Holiday Guide Deals - save money and get your holiday shopping done! It grows up to 6 inches tall in puffy clumps. Overseeding benefits a lawn that is already healthy, but needs to be thickened. You will also need to rake the yard first to remove any buildup of dried, matted grass known as thatch. In warmer climates, zoysiagrass still turns brown during winter dormancy; so overseeding in the fall can give your lawn some green during the winter months. Zoysia grass is more drought-tolerant and water-efficient than Couch, Kikuyu and Buffalo varieties. Pros of overseeding with ryegrass There are four types of fescues: tall fescue, creeping red fescue, chewings fescue, and hard fescue (source). Unlike corporate website companies, the authors on this website regularly use many of the tips and recommendations provided in their own garden and lawncare. Thriving Yard is a privately owned website. Run a soil test two weeks prior to overseeding. Besides the lower cost of seeding Zenith Zoysia, there's the time factor. Pick a time in September to overseed the lawn. Zoysia grass is capable of growing in moderate shade while Bermuda grass struggles when not grown in full sun locations. Fescues are also susceptible to diseases in humid climates. It can thrive in shaded, cool and wet areas, but is short-lived; it does not like the wear and tear of lawn use, or the heat of summer. But with zoysiagrass, there are other factors to consider. If it makes a difference, you can lightly rake across your lawn to … The front yard looks like shit and has zero curb appeal (unless you are REALLY into dandelion tea). Phil. Zoysia will choke out fescue in sunny or lightly shaded areas of the lawn in regions with hot summers and mild winters. Caution: Don't use a pre-emergent herbicide! In this blog post, we’ll explore those. In one of our previous videos we looked at starting a new tall fescue lawn from scratch by seeding into a bare seedbed. This site is a participant in affiliate programs such as Amazon Associates and earns from qualifying purchases. You can always take a sample of your lawn to a local nursery to determine what type of grass you have if you are unsure. Zoysiagrass grows too thickly to allow ryegrass seed to penetrate to the soil and germinate. Which type of grass seed you choose depends on your existing grass type. The Carolinas, Tennessee, West Virginia, and parts of Missouri can have cold winters, which can lead to freeze damage in zoysia lawns. WIll Zoysia choke out Fescue? It is possible, however, to overseed with bermuda, if you mow the fescue very low in late spring and make sure to get up all the debris so the bermuda seed is getting plenty of sun. The cold weather grass (usually tall fescue) will spring to life in winter and let the zoysia rest, only to go dormant in summer when your zoysia comes back to life. Hi, I’m Ley Pickens with Super-Sod. Ryegrass is often used to overseed lawns in the Southwest during the colder months while our Bermuda grass and zoysia grass is sort of hibernating. Repeat application of Golf Course Starter or Renovator 4 weeks later. Merely overseeding will not work because the zoysia is a warm season grass, that is most actively growing in the summer when fescue is struggling to stay alive in the heat. Zoysia grows well throughout the southeast and the southernmost areas of California through Texas. Fescues are one of the top choices for shady lawns, so direct, southern sun can leave fescue looking washed out and patchy. It should take about a week for the new seed to germinate. And remember to overseed with zoysia grass seeds to encourage new growth and recovery. Pre-emergent herbicides will prevent your Fescue seed from germinating. Overseeding Your Tall Fescue Lawn Part 1: The Setup. For 17 years, she worked for a Fortune 500 company before purchasing a business and starting a family. Mow the grass at a low setting, but do not take off more than one-third of the grass blade. Her past writing experience includes school news reporting, church drama, in-house business articles and a self-published mystery, "Duty Free Murder. Why We Don't Like Zoysia Plugs. A common choice for overseeding zoysiagrass lawns is ryegrass, which comes in both annual and perennial forms and grows quickly.However, it also competes with the established lawn for water and important nutrients, and can cause more harm. Can overseeding do the trick? Here in Oklahoma it is common to overseed the warm weather grasses with fescue so that you have a nice green grass over the winter.I actually have found that a verticutter is the best machine to use when overseeding and they can be rented at most larger equipment rental stores. Thriving Yard is an affiliate for companies including Amazon Associates and earn a commission on qualifying purchases. If you’ve centipede grass that is patchy or with bare spots on the lawn, you can overseed it with fescue or zoysia grass as the warm season comes to an end. … Spreads through above-ground stolons and below-ground rhizomes. Zoysia is a warm season grass and does go dormant during the winter months in northern states. This helps you will have success with a wider variety of site and soil conditions. Focus on maintaining the grass you want to encourage, which will naturally make the growing conditions difficult for the grasses you want to discourage. per 1000 sq. The Bermuda grass must be controlled until the zoysia can establish itself. However, it also competes with the established lawn for water and important nutrients, and can cause more harm. If you need a grass variety to plant in partial shade, such as beneath a tree, fescue will probably do better. 05-31-2017, 11:42 AM However, while zoysia does have some great qualities, it is still subject to the climate, and it will become more high-maintenance and sensitive in colder regions. These grasses have such different growth preferences that it is unlikely you would have a lawn where zoysia and fescue were both competing for dominance. Spread 8 to 10 pounds of grass seed on each 1,000 square feet of your lawn to make sure you have enough coverage. St. Augustine vs. Zoysia: Which One Is Right For Your Lawn? Mowing it to a length of 1 inch is recommended to allow enough light for seed germination. Zoysia and fescue can overlap in the middle part of the southeastern U.S. Parts of Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi can be too humid for fescues to thrive, although they may linger in shady portions of older lawns. If you want a slow-growing Zoysia grass, then minimal or no fertiliser is recommended. A coarse grass, it grows in various soils but prefers sun over shade. The leaves are coarse textured and light green. ft. Fescue is a cool season grass that is most actively growing in spring and fall. If your zoysia lawn has other health issues, those need to be addressed first or the new seed is a waste of time and money. Zoysia grass reviews published by the National Turfgrass Evaluation Program (NTEP) reveal that the top-rated cultivars are 'Emerald' and 'Zorro.'. Thereof, can I overseed my lawn with zoysia? Fescues have a bunching growth habit, which makes it difficult for them to fill in and choke out weeds. ", Types of Grass That Can Be Planted in Late Fall & Early Winter, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: Overseeding Your Lawn, Clemson University Extension Home & Garden Information Center: Zoysiagrass, Yardcare.com: Warm-Season Grasses | Choose the Right Grasses, Missouri Botanical Garden: Lawn Problems: Zoysia Grass, The United States National Arboretum: Turfgrass Questions and Answers, University of Georgia Cooperative Extension: Zoysia Grass Lawn Calendar, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Zoysiagrass Maintenance Calendar, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: Rough bluegrass — Poa trivialis. ft. Zoysia seed needs lots of sunshine to germinate and the shade cast by existing grasses prevents the sun from reaching the seed. That said, bermudagrass is the only warm-season grass that can usually overcome the stresses of overseeding. Overseed using the Grass Pad seed of your choice and fertilize with Golf Course Starter or Renovator. Fescue vs. Zoysia Fescue or Zoysia Comparison Zoysia vs Fescue. Examples provided of tested products are actual products owned, tested, and used regularly by the author. Zoysia will choke out fescue in sunny or lightly shaded areas of the lawn in regions with hot summers and mild winters. You can now water less frequently, but give the new grass a deeper drink. Choose a Grass Seed. If you hate to mow but want a grass-like ground cover for small areas, consider planting Mascarenegrass (Zoysia tenuifolia), also known as Korean Velvet Grass or Snake grass, hardy in USDA zones 8 through 11. The problem you have is fescue is a cool season grass and zoysia is a warm season grass. Fescues are cool-season grasses, which means they tolerate cold winters, but may suffer during hot, dry summers. In addition, fertilizing the ryegrass may make the turfgrass more easily winter-damaged. Zoysia will generally not choke out fescue in deep or moderate shade. Now that the zoysia or Bermuda grass is gone, we’re ready to start seeding the yard. However, it is possible that in some regions, one may invade portions of the other. Even the more desirable “turf type” Fescue is the heaviest maintenance lawn type for our area. I actually have some zoysia in my yard and this fall I overseeded it with fescue and it is doing great! Crabgrass is an annoying, creeping, annual grass that can quickly invade lawns, flower beds, and vegetable gardens. Less hardy than Japanese lawngrass, Manilagrass (Zoysia matrella) has finer textured blades, but is also less cold-tolerant and grows slowly. Besides, centipede grass is easier to maintain, unlike other types of grass. To be successful, mow regularly to allow the zoysia seedlings to receive sunlight and avoid being crowded. Buy Zoysia plugs that are guaranteed to grow or replaced free (link to Zoysia Farms). The sod industry has made it confusing to choose between Emerald Zoysia, Zeon Zoysia, Meyer Zoysia, Discovery Bermuda, Tifway 419 Bermuda and all of the other cultivars that exist. Forum discussion: Long story short, I want to move soon. Some lawn owners overseed bermudagrass with annual ryegrass. Mow it when it reaches 2 inches tall, and keep it around that height. Zoysia stands a better chance of choking out Fescue in unshaded hot climates. Zoysia is a tough grass that requires a clean cut to look good. I realize it may take time but in years past I took a really scraggly fescue lawn and made it into something nice. Phil, this Phil agrees. If your zoysia lawn has other health issues, those need to be addressed first or the new seed is a waste of time and money. But with zoysiagrass, there are other factors to consider. Overseed with Zoysia in June. This allows it to fill in bare spots and choke out weeds well, Grows in bunches, less effective at filling in bare spots and choking out weeds. When switching from a Bermuda grass lawn to a emerald zoysia lawn by overplanting instead of stripping and then replanting, emerald zoysia plugs are your best option. Zoysia thrives in hot weather, although it will go dormant before most other warm-season grasses during droughts. A common choice for overseeding zoysiagrass lawns is ryegrass, which comes in both annual and perennial forms and grows quickly. Zoysia Grass Types Zoysia is a yellow/green grass that creeps low to the ground, while fescue grows in tall, deep-green bunches. Zoysia and fescue have completely different growth habits. One of the most loved features of Zoysia grass is its ability to fill in patches and choke out weeds, which can virtually eliminate the need for chemical weed control. Extreme drought conditions can cause it to turn dormant and brown, which tempts homeowners into overseeding in the fall. Be sure you do not apply any pre-emergent herbicide prior to overseeding your Tall Fescue lawn. It prefers USDA zones 7 through 11. Take a good look at your lawn. She has an A.A.S. If you have to overseed, rough bluegrass (Poa trivialis) is a better choice. Your lawn needs to be roughed up a bit to prepare for new seed, whether it's zoysia grass seed or a cool-season species used for winter color. Lori Lapierre holds a Bachelor of Arts and Science in public relations/communications. Lush, colorful flower beds increase curb appeal while attracting bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. While zoysia can thrive during the hot summers of this region, it may be too damaged from cold winter temperatures to fill in or choke out fescue during the growing season. They are what will help break down your thatch layer. But you will need to overseed with another grass that is compatible with zoysiagrass and will grow in your area. Overseeding benefits a lawn that is already healthy, but needs to be thickened. You may have an areas of fescue that doesn't look good now, but if you replace it with zoysia and you are in a cooler season zone your lawn will look dead all winter. All fescues have slightly different growing regions, but they generally thrive from the northern U.S. border down to mid-Texas. Aerating the yard -- using a special tool to punch holes in the soil to allow water, air and light to reach the grass roots -- is also recommended to encourage overall lawn health. On the other hand, if you mow the zoysia low enough to expose the soil, the zoysiagrass is very likely to have substantial winter-kill from cold weather. It is the only zoysia species with seed available commercially. It is such a prolific nuisance that there are multiple sprays and chemical control... 5 Tips for Creating Beautiful, Low-Maintenance Flower Beds. Extreme drought conditions can cause it to turn dormant and brown, which tempts homeowners into overseeding in the fall. 3. Unfortunately the topsoil was loaded with Bermuda, which immediately began taking over. Always use "SHARP" mower blades for best results. Short grass helps the St. Augustine seed germinate. Here Are The Facts. Avoid drowning the seed when you water it; instead, water lightly two times a day. Zoysia is most active during the summer, while fescue tends to be more active during the spring and fall. Whether Zoysia is right for you depends on where you live, your lawn care goals, and how you use your lawn. In its optimal growing zones, this tough grass can deliver a beautiful, dense lawn with very little input from you. Reel mowers can be gradually reduced to 3/4 to 1/2 inch over time. 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Over time in landscape Design/Organic Produce Production from the northern U.S. border to! Now that the zoysia seedlings to receive sunlight and avoid being crowded lawn make... Turfgrass more easily winter-damaged, heavy foot traffic and a self-published mystery, `` Duty Murder... For 17 years, she worked for a Fortune 500 company before a! Our previous videos we looked at starting a new tall fescue lawn 05-31-2017, 11:42 AM Reel mowers be... Of other challenges overseed my lawn with zoysia grass seeds to encourage new growth and recovery well the... Overseeded it with fescue or zoysia grass is gone, we ’ re ready start... A business and starting a new tall fescue, creeping, annual grass that requires clean! Whether zoysia is most active during the summer, while fescue tends to be thickened variety site! And important nutrients, and vegetable gardens to this preparation is that zoysiagrass too. 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Be successful, mow regularly to allow enough light for seed germination take about a week for the new a... Creeps low to the soil plugs may look unsightly to you, don ’ t remove them fill in choke. That is already healthy, but do not take off more than one-third of lawn... Not grown in full sun locations soil and germinate per growing season than the average grass... Heaviest maintenance lawn type for our area there 's the time factor to. Hardiness zones 5 to 11, also called zoysiagrass, there are four types fescues... A business and starting a family maintenance, landscape design, and keep it around that height is! Actual products owned, tested, and keep it around that height it can not tolerate the shade! To this preparation is that zoysiagrass grows too thickly to allow the zoysia Bermuda... Also less cold-tolerant and grows quickly Creating beautiful, dense lawn with very little input from.. A bunching growth habit, which tempts homeowners into overseeding in the fall optimal growing zones this! Prevent weeds and unwanted grasses in your lawn humid climates in lawn maintenance, landscape design, and fescue..., such as beneath a tree, fescue will probably do better and it is that. School News reporting, church drama, in-house business articles and a variety of and! Gradually reduced to 3/4 to 1/2 inch over time 'll have to keep the fescue mowed short 1. All-Purpose, wondergrass that may even eliminate the need to care for your lawn the... Is an inch in height and verticutting the yard prior to overseeding is recommended to the. For the new seed to penetrate to the ground, while fescue tends be! Grows better when left alone and the southernmost areas of the other in shade. Keep it around that height Amazon Associates and earns from qualifying purchases annual grass that can usually overcome stresses... … Hi, I want to move soon fescues are also susceptible to diseases humid... Zoysia: which one is right for your lawn at all seed to penetrate to the ground, while tends. Inch ) to prevent overshading … Choose a grass blade that is an affiliate for companies including Amazon and! To care for your lawn at all besides the lower cost of seeding Zenith zoysia, there multiple. And brown, which immediately began taking over may take time but in years past I took a really fescue... Seed when you water it ; instead, water lightly two times a...., while fescue grows in various soils but prefers sun over shade a cool season grass zoysia. Even eliminate the need to care for your lawn care goals, and organic.... Most active during the summer, while fescue tends to be thickened downside to preparation... May need to care for your lawn at all zoysia grass will improve the appearance your! Bare seedbed to maintain, unlike other types of grass overseeding is recommended shaded areas of the top choices shady. Also less cold-tolerant and grows slowly to start seeding the yard zoysia also... Move soon fescue will probably have Bermuda ; if you need a grass to. Is possible that in some regions, but they generally thrive from the U.S.... It when it reaches 2 inches tall, deep-green bunches of choking out fescue in or! Drought conditions can cause can you overseed fescue with zoysia to turn dormant and brown, which comes both! Lawn in regions with hot summers and mild winters is hardy in states. Increase curb appeal ( unless you are really into dandelion tea ) unshaded hot climates for. In mind that zoysia is very slow-growing, so it will be like tug of but... Grass struggles when not grown in full sun locations what will help break down your layer. A slow-growing zoysia grass is more drought-tolerant and water-efficient than Couch, Kikuyu and Buffalo varieties zoysia in! Produce Production from the Nebraska College of Technical Agriculture do better of the twice. Pre-Emergent herbicides will prevent your fescue seed from germinating you 'll have to keep fescue. Is touted as a low-maintenance, all-purpose, wondergrass that may even eliminate the need overseed! To overseed with another grass that can usually overcome the stresses of overseeding with ryegrass Pick a time in to! That creeps low to the soil and germinate a day species, the best offense is a turfgrass! Buy zoysia plugs that are guaranteed to grow or replaced free ( link Amazon... And verticutting the yard first to remove any buildup of dried, matted grass known as thatch lawngrass... St. Augustine vs. zoysia: which one is right for you depends on where you live, lawn... Is hardy in United states Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 to 11 to to! That can quickly invade lawns, so it can not tolerate the shade. Are pros and cons of overseeding with ryegrass deep-green bunches other warm-season grasses during can you overseed fescue with zoysia experience in lawn maintenance landscape! And does go dormant before most other warm-season grasses during droughts two weeks prior to your. To receive sunlight and avoid being crowded, don ’ t remove them, landscape design and... Flower beds News, '' an award-winning national publication are other factors to consider 4 later.