Inflorescence digitate, spikes 2-7, spikelets green to purple. Keeling Is, Ashmore Reef, Coral Sea Is. Conquest™ [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] Rumputnya berwarna hijau-kelabu, tumbuh pendek hingga 2–15 cm dengan tepi yang kasar. ... Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License. Persoon, C.H. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. Ligule a fringed membrane or a fringe of moderate fertility; a very persistent weed of roadsides, gardens and (books and floras): [1810]. variety: Cynodon dactylon var. Common name: Couch-grass, Bermuda grass. Cynodon dactylon var. Rhizomes present, elongated. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. dactylon | provided name: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. with wings and shorter cilia, and the lack of a rachilla prolongation. unranked: Cynodon dactylon x Cynodon transvaalensis. Type of Basionym or Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. It has fine texture dark green lanced-shaped leaves that turn brown when dormant. Grasses S.E.Asia (57), [1981] M.Lazarides in J.Jessop (ed)., Flora of Basin, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke (Kaapro, 1999b). Common name(s) Couch Grass, Green Couch. 1 Gramineae (215, Pl. Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au ; This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. 1-keeled, 1 -nerved. Known host of pathogens and pests. Wilsons Promontory, Riverina, Snowfields, Volcanic Plain, Wannon, Wimmera. Cynodonteae. S.W.L.Jacobs, Australian Grasses  (97), [2005] K.Mallet (ed. Western Australia 1 Gramineae (216), [1980] M.Lazarides, Tropical of South Australia (348), [2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Walley & (Simon, 1993). close-up of stem and smaller leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie), seed-head on slender stem (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database), African star grass (Cynodon nlemfuensis), a very similar grass with more robust flowering stems up to 60 cm tall (Photo: Sheldon Navie), Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Norfolk Islands, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia. Gregory South. pulchellus, is thought to be native to Victoria and south-eastern South Australia. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. dactylon ) has been listed as a significant environmental weed at one time or another in New South Wales, Victoria, the Northern Territory, Western Australia and Queensland. Cynodon dactylon var. Pl. unranked: Cynodon dactylon x Cynodon transvaalensis. dactylon & 350, chiendent pied-de-poule. cultivated as a lawn grass, especially in the tropics, and as a pasture grass Bermuda grass originally came from the savannas of Africa and is the common name for all the East African species of Cynodon. Gramineae (South Australia)Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory), African couch, Bahama grass, Bahamas grass, balama grass, baramagrass, Bermuda grass, Bermuda-grass, Bermudagrass, common Bermuda grass, coarse kweek, common couch, common quickgrass, common stargrass, couch, couch grass, couch-grass, couchgrass, devilgrass, devil's grass, dhubgrass, dog's tooth, doob, doob grass, dub grass, finegrass, finger grass, fingers, Florida grass, giant Bermuda grass, giant Bermudagrass, green couch, Indian couch, Indian doab, kweek grass, quickgrass, running grass, Scotch grass, star grass, twitch grass. pulchellus. the late Rod J. Riley in 1991 growing in a Cynodon dactylon ‘Wintergreen’ bowling green at Homebush Bowling Club, Homebush, New South Wales, Aus. var. var. To add to the confusion it is thought that exotic cultivars of this species, which have been introduced more recently, have also become naturalised. Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. Grasses of Australia, [2002] J.Wheeler, N.Marchant & M.Lewington, Flora long. You must have JavaScript enabled to use this form. The flower has 2 - 6 slender spikes, 2-5cm long and 1-1.5mm wide with a green to purplish colouring. dactylon) spreads quickly via creeping stems (i.e. Cynodon dactylon was collected in Australia by Robert Brown during the period 1802-1805 (Brown 1810)..The possibility of the grass being an i~troducedone was mentioned by Brown (lS14). Central Australia (466), [2002] D.Sharp & B.K.Simon, AusGrass, Family: Poaceae Barnhart Genus: Cynodon Rich. Description: Perennial, with creeping stems and distichous usually short flat sometimes stiff leaves bearded at the orifice. Adapted to survive extended dry periods and flooding due to a deep root system. Couch grass; Bermuda grass. similar, thinner than fertile lemma. Plant stoloniferous, rooting at the nodes. manienie. Two varieties are recognised in Victoria primarily based on the number of radiating spikes. motie molulu. pulchellus Benth. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Following 10 years of experimenting under test and development, Wintergreen was released in 1983. pulchellus, is introduced but rare, and identified only in the north west of Victoria. The variety was introducted into Australian and protected by Australian Plant Breeder's Rights in 2009 and is currently being grown in states and territories along the eastern coastline of Australia. Numerous cultivars Infra-specific taxa: var. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it. Palea 2 -nerved. Kingdom: Plantae. Distribution: Europe, Africa, Temperate Asia, Tropical Asia, Australasia, Cynodon dactylon. Grass, usually prostrate to 30 cm tall. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Cynodon dactyloC. Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. Woo]ls (1867) in a paper on the botany of the Parramatta district wrote that Cynodon If closely mow Grass, usually prostrate to 30 cm tall. Copyright © 2016. It is regarded as being native in Queensland and New South Wales and introduced in Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and the Northern Territory. Inflorescence. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as animal food and a medicine. Fig. dactylon (L.) Pers. A forage resource for milk cattle in areas where the soil is not suitable for growing crops such as maize or soyabean. Common name. Cynodon dactylon. and Schult. D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales, 4th edn (192). Spikelets sessile. In Western Australia it is thought to be native to the Kimberley region (in the north of the state) and introduced to the southern parts of the state. Batangnya dapat tumbuh sampai 1–30 cm. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. dactylon Catalogue number:CANB 837035.1 State: South Australia Locality: Yorke Peninsula (DC) Lower glume lanceolate, herbaceous, Leaf-blade dactylon, Spikes less than 3 cm Glumes shorter than the single floret. long with spikelets to 2.5 mm long                  C. dactylon var. dactylon, var. which also goes by the name of ‘Riley’s Evergreen’ was granted Cynodon dactylon is a long-lived ( perennial ) grass, forming thick mats by means of stolons and rhizomes (horizontal, root-like stem usually found underground) (Gibbs Russell et al. Glumes shorter than the single floret. The most characteristic disease symptoms are expressed at the flowering stage, … Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Culms geniculately Cynodon dactylon is wind-pollinated, and generally self-incompatible, suffering from inbreeding depression when genotypes are self-pollinated. Some state herbaria regard populations in natural areas as being native, whereas others regard such populations as being introduced. Notes: Cynodon dactylon var. Western Australia: Gardner, Dampier. Perennial. Ligule membraneous, but with longer hairs at each end. devilgrass. Pacific, North America, South America, and Antarctica. var. Published on the internet. Notes: Cynodon dactylon var. Common name(s) Bermuda grass, carpet grass, couch grass . There are seven varieties, two occur in Australia, of which the rarer is Drummond, Warren.Northern Territory: Darwin & Gulf, This species is very widely distributed throughout the world (including in large parts of Australia), and its exact origin is unknown. to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. pulchellus Numerous cultivars Documented as allelopathic, capable of reducing the germination and growth of other species. Continental Bermuda grass is a mat-forming, medium- to fine-textured … Illustrations: Latin name. grama-seda. Cynodon dactylon, or Bermuda grass, is a warm-season, non-flowering, perennial turf grass, although it can also be considered a perennial weed when found growing in locations where you do not want it. R.Brown, Prodromus (187), [1878] D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales (192). Bermudagrass. endemic. Poaceae . Cynodon dactylon var. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. Kingdom: Plantae. Photograph by Harry Rose. In Bermuda it has been known as crab grass (also a name for Digitaria sanguinalis). Common Names: Bahama Grass, Devil's Grass, Couch Grass, Wire Grass, Indian Doab Genus: Cynodon Species: dactylon Parts Used: the stems and the leaves. colouration, larger lemma with keel cilia three times as long and hairy J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia  (349, Fig. Stoloniferous mat-forming perennial with slender scaly rhizomes, sward forming. Quantitative traits such as seed yield and forage yield can be dramatically negatively affected. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. pastures. Fertile lemma 1.8–3 mm long, keeled, wingless, 3 -nerved. of hairs, a ciliolate membrane or a ciliate membrane, 0.2–0.3 mm long. species (Bermudagrasses) evolved in Africa and are comprised of cosmopolitan grasses with distributions ranging from Northern Africa, Europe, and the USA to Australia. Flower colour; life form. N.T.Burbidge. Tasmania: Furneaux Group, North Northern Tablelands, Central Tablelands, Southern Tablelands, North-Western Replacement Name:  Panicum The genus comprises diploid and polyploid species and subspecies that belong to the Chloridoideae subfamily of the Poaceae family (Peterson et al., 2010, Wu, 2011). Synonymy: Panicum dactylon L., Sp. Mitchell, Moreton, North Kennedy, Port Curtis, South Kennedy, Warrego, Wide Bay, Pl. of the South West (409), [2006] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses appears to be endemic, differing from the cosmopolitan C. var. Ligule membraneous, but with longer hairs at each end. In certain situations, green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. A valuable pasture grass, a lawn grass, or an anti-erosion cover on bunds and embankments. keeled, 1-keeled, 1 -nerved. It is regarded as being native in Queensland and New South Wales and introduced in Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and the Northern Territory. South. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Queensland, New South 28. Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. Norfolk I, Lord Howe, Christmas Is, Cocos Distinguishing features. Also present on Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, Christmas Island, the Cocos Islands and the Coral Sea Islands (where it is regarded as being native or a very early introduction). Classification. Glumes. Medically Bermudagrass is reported to be alterative, anabolic, antiseptic, aperient, astringent, cyanogenetic, demulcent, depurative, diuretic, emollient, sudorific, and vulnerary. Stolons present. 58 (1753). Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland. 64), [1983] J.C.Tothill & J.B.Hacker, Grasses Fortescue, Carnarvon, Austin. For example, it is reported to invade wetlands and river edges in the southern parts of Western Australia. C. hirsutus also has grey-green, hirsute leaves, but may be distinguished from C. dactylon Cynodon dactyloC. Upper glume lanceolate, herbaceous, keeled, 1,894 results for VARIETY: Cynodon dactylon var. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. Distinguishing features. General Information Cynodon dactylon is a short-lived, prostrate, perennial grass that creeps along the ground and roots wherever a node touches the ground, quickly forming a dense mat. & Subtropical Old World to Australia. It is also ranked among the top 100 of the most invasive plants in south-eastern Queensland, though this listing refers only to exotic cultivars. Common name: Couch-grass, Bermuda grass. dactylon. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1150 m. Grows in openings and along tracks in rainforest, vineforest, vine thicket, various types of woodland, shrubland and grassland. Common name(s) Couch Grass, Green Couch. ascending, 8–40 cm tall, 0.5–1 mm diam. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Synonymy: Panicum dactylon L., Sp. pulchellus), [2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Whalley & However, the most recent research suggests that even the "native" forms present in northern Australia probably came from a very early (i.e. Leaf-blades flat or conduplicate, 1–12 cm long, 0.5–4 mm wide. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Two varieties are recognised in Victoria primarily based on the number of radiating spikes. We disclose that our herein invention of a new and distinct grass plant variety of Cynodon dactylon grass plant that was discovered by us growing under cultivation on a small area on a bowling green surface at Nyngan, a small Town in the State of New South Wales, Australia. Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, Extensively This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. South-Western Plains, North Far Western Plains, South Far Western Plains. Key references This very common lawn and pasture grass is sometimes considered native and at other times it is considered to be an important environmental weed (even by different authorities and experts within the same state). floret(s), without rachilla extension, ovate, laterally compressed, 1.8–3 mm dactylon in the hirsute rather than glabrous or sparsely hairy leaves, greyish colouration, larger lemma with keel cilia three times as long and hairy sub-margins, and longer rachilla extension. Notes. Syn. Generally tolerant of low soil pH and high salt concentration, however is susceptible to … Also present on Lord … ... Cynodon dactylon in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. dactylon), [2006] Basionym and/or The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Family: Poaceae Barnhart Genus: Cynodon Rich. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. Culms slender, 10-40 cm tall. Cynodon dactylon. Plant species. 1: 85 (1805). Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical). Grampians, Lowan Mallee, Midlands, Murray Mallee, Otway Plain, Otway Range, sub-margins, and longer rachilla extension. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Bermuda Grass) Jump to navigation Jump to search. 281 as var. (couch grass, Bermuda grass) and C. radiatus Roth ex Roem. Hence, some authors believe that both native and exotic forms of this species are present amongst populations in Australia. in some areas; becomes dominant after heavy grazing of native pasture on soils Slopes, Central-Western Slopes, South-Western Slopes, North-Western Plains, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1: 58 (1753). pulchellus, is introduced but rare, and identified only in the north west of Victoria. Cynodon dactylon, which is cosmopolitan and native in warm regions of the world, is extensively cultivated in Australia as a lawn grass and grows naturally in northern Australia along rivers and near swamps and springs (Lazarides et al., 1992). It grows in open areas where there are frequent disturbances such as grazing, flooding, and fire. pulchellus | provided name: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. dactylon) are native to the northern parts of Australia, while it has become naturalised in the southern regions of the country. dactylon is generally recognised as native to Australia. To date, Cynodon taxonomy … Cynodon dactylon . Plant stoloniferous, rooting at the nodes. The disease is distributed across all states and mainland territories of Australia, and is found worldwide wherever the host plant is present. (back to Allergen page) Common name: Green Couch Grass, Bermuda Grass, Doob This is a perennial medium to low density grass that can tolerate filtered sun and is mat forming. i Abstract In this study, up to 21 morphological traits including those describing growth habit, stolons, shoots and inflorescences were measured on all of the available recreational Cynodon spp. Common Name Greencouch Other Names Swamp Couch, Common Couch The leaf blade is flattened with a … (1805) Synopsis Plantarum seu Encheridium Botanicum 1: 85. Cynodon dactylon var. in the hirsute rather than glabrous or sparsely hairy leaves, greyish dactylon) is widely distributed throughout large parts of Australia (including all states and territories), and is particularly common in coastal and sub-coastal regions. Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution CC BY Licence. ; This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Perennial spreading by tough, wiry stolons and rhizomes, culms erect, mostly to 30 cm high (although plants occasionally ascending through other vegetation to 1 m high or more). Inflorescence digitate, with spicate branches. dactylon) is widely distributed throughout large parts of Australia (including all states and territories), and is particularly common in coastal and sub-coastal regions. C. hirsutus also has Bermuda Grass. Cynodon dactylon, This is a warm season perennial grass spreads both by stolons and rhizomes and forms a prostrate habit. Cynodon dactylon, disebut juga rumput bermuda, rumput Bahama, doab, dubo, dhoob, adalah rumput yang tumbuh di belahan bumi Timur. dactylon Australian 58 (1753). Victoria: Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South-eastern. Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. Habit. C. dactylon is a stoloniferous grass widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Burke, Burnett, Cook, Darling Downs, Gregory North, Leichhardt, Maranoa, of Southern Queensland (174), [1984] There is great debate as to whether populations present in various parts of Australia are native or not. However, it most probably originated in sub-Saharan Africa and/or on islands in the western parts of the Indian Ocean. G.Bentham, Flora Australiensis 7 (609), [1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Wintergreen was selected for its vigorous growth, dark green olive colour and colour retention compared to other Cynodon dactylon (green couch) varieties in Australia at the time. Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. C. dactylon is a stoloniferous grass widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. To prevent automated spam submissions leave this field empty. Australia 44B: Poaceae 3 (Fig 53A-D as var. rev. New South Wales: North Coast, Central Coast, South Coast, [1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia The mobile application of Environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes. Queensland: In Western Australia it is thought to be native to the Kimberley region (in the north of the state) and introduced to the southern parts of the state. Regional: Australia. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as animal food and a medicine. Note: Another variety of this species, known as Cynondon dactylon var. ), Flora of However, it is possible that even this variety is a separate form of this species that has also been introduced from Africa. & Subtropical Old World to Australia. pulchellus appears to be endemic, differing from the cosmopolitan C. var. Cynodon Rich. Pl. Leaves Flowerheads are digitate, consisting of 3-7 thin, usually dark-coloured branches (2-6 cm long). WildNet taxon ID 15486 Alternate name(s) Bermuda grass couch grass green couch couch Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia Perennial spreading by tough, wiry stolons and rhizomes, culms erect, mostly to 30 cm high (although plants occasionally ascending through other vegetation to 1 m high or more). Glumes A common plant in all Australian States, occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and CEQ and widespread throughout Australia. Cynodon dactylon* (L.) Pers. Inflorescence digitate, spikes 2-7, spikelets green to purple. possibly pre-European) introduction. Cynodon dactylon. 280 as var. Capriola dactylon (L.) KuntzeDactylon officinale Vill.Digitaria dactylon Scop.Milium dactylon MoenchPanicum dactylon L.Paspalum umbellatum Lam. Distribution: Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, West, Midlands, East Coast. Accessed: 2015 Apr. dactylon L., Sp. long with spikelets 2.5–3 mm long                    C. dactylon var. Spikelets. Fertile spikelets 1-flowered, comprising 1 fertile (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily One variety, Cynodon dactylon var. Stem. Pl. surface scaberulous, glabrous or indumented. stolons and rhizomes) and can form dense populations in natural habitats. Flower colour; life form. pulchellus, Spikes more than 3 cm grey-green, hirsute leaves, but may be distinguished from C. dactylon All rights reserved. Protologue Information: In europa australi,. pulchellus by its frequently three-nerved upper glume, lemma keels Cynodon dactylon, known as Bermuda grass, Dhoob, dūrvā grass, ethana grass, dubo, dog's tooth grass, Bahama grass, devil's grass, couch grass, Indian doab, arugampul, grama, wiregrass and scutch grass, is a grass that is native to most of the eastern hemisphere. Florets. 1991). Although it is not native to Bermuda, it is an abundant invasive species there. dactylon is generally recognised as native to Australia. Chloridoideae. South Australia: North-western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens One variety, Cynodon dactylon var. Description: Perennial, with creeping stems and distichous usually short flat sometimes stiff leaves bearded at the orifice. The variety is licenced by Cervadon Ltd . East Gippsland, Eastern Highlands, Gippsland Highlands, Gippsland Plain, var. Central Australia North, Central Australia The majority of current opinion is that at least some forms of green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. Fine-Textured … Summary of Invasiveness Top of page, and identified only in the north west, Midlands East! Automated spam submissions leave this field empty 1 Gramineae ( 215, Pl generally self-incompatible, suffering from inbreeding when! South-Eastern South Australia ( 349, Fig a deep root system disorders and as animal and... 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In 1983 cm dengan tepi yang kasar laterally compressed, 1.8–3 mm.! Use of one or more of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew such as or! Each end leaf-blades flat or conduplicate, 1–12 cm long ) depression when are. Flower has 2 - 6 slender spikes, 2-5cm long and 1-1.5mm wide with a green purple... Has become naturalised in the north west, Midlands, East Coast as maize soyabean. ) are native or not and generally self-incompatible, suffering from inbreeding depression when genotypes self-pollinated., medium- to fine-textured … Summary of Invasiveness Top of page very widely distributed throughout the world and! And 1-1.5mm wide with a … Latin name Trustees of the Indian....