The Priority value should be an integer value. In other words: TestNG will always follow priority on selected tests and groups are a way to change the test selection. Priority Parameter in TestNG. This video is unavailable. Since alphabetically running test cases in TestNG have no logical sequence (concerning the tests and code), providing priority to these test cases helps us managing our tests’ execution. That is highest priority. It means if we define no priorities, all the test methods will be assigned priority 0, and a similar priority case will apply. Priority using fault severity: In this approach, the requirements considered are based on fault severity i.e the number of times the fault can occur in the code which makes it important to test that specific code first thus given the higher weight. In the above test code, the method OpenBrowser contains priority as -1, CloseBrowser as 0, and no priority assignment happens to AccountTest. Please help. Severity is related to the quality standard. Suppose I have a test called ProductTest, which we define before the ConsumerTest, but I want ProductTest to run first because the final result can only evaluate if ProductTest runs first and provides values to ConsumerTest. As per the default behavior, when you run this suite file, TestNG will run tests in the order they are found. Observe the following code, which has two methods: OpenBrowser and CloseBrowser. Conclusively, it was all from my side in this tutorial about priorities and sequencing in TestNG. Create few test methods in it … We have skipped a test case and broke the typical sequence of the test case in TestNG. Please watch You tube video for better understanding. Then test with priority 2 is executed. Data Driven Framework (Apache POI – Excel), Read & Write Data from Excel in Selenium: Apache POI. Let’s understand this with an example: If you execute the above code, Four() would be run first and One() will be the last as it has the least priority – ‘3‘. TestNG will execute test methods from lowest to highest priority. Importance of priority in running TestNG methods. Priority is an element applicable only for @Test annotated methods. Default Priority. With the help of TestNG ‘@Test‘ annotation, we can do many tests in a single Testing file. If you are not using any priority in your test method then TestNG assign by default priority=0 to the Test Method; If there is same priority assign to test methods then execution order will be alphabetically. The priorities are an additional option that we can put to use with the test annotations. It can be negative , zero or positive number. What is Priority in Software Testing? The default priority of a Test method when not specified is integer value 0. so we set the priority in such a way to execute the test cases like this. Here is my version of story. Remember Lower priorities will be scheduled first. In the OpenBrowser method, I am trying to open the browser and enter the URL “www.demoqa.com.” The “CloseBrowser” method, however, is used to close the driver. When there are multiple test cases and you want to execute test cases with some order at that time TestNG “Priority” is used to prioritize the test cases.Test cases having lower priority will be executed first.. These cookies do not store any personal information. Buggy software or a website may severely infect the roster, which is a result, can lead to a re-evaluation of risk and priorities, which turn out to be more time, and resource consuming. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The below-given code is the same as the code we used above. The test methods with no priority assigned have a default priority equal to 0. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Priority means how fast defect has to be fixed. It takes numerical value and modifies execution order. TestNG ignore default priority based on ASCII if priority value is provided. You can assign priority starting ‘ 0 ‘ – highest priority, to the number of @Test methods you have. Following code snippet prioritize the test cases: WebDriverManager: How to manage browser drivers easily? (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); © 2013-2020 TOOLSQA.COM | ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Watch Queue Queue. Often, we are required just to skip a test case method and perform testing. So in your case it is adding priority=0 internally to your ztestNP() methods Severity means how severe defect is affecting the functionality. Following code snippet prioritize the test cases: package TestNG; import org.testng.annotations. You can assign priority starting ‘0‘ – highest priority, to the number of @Test methods you have. If a tester defines a priority in decimal in TestNG, it needs to convert first to Integer (through typecasting). Test priorities are very useful in running the code in the sequence we want with minimum to no changes in the code part, like shuffling the functions. Subsequently, we will move on to our next tutorial now. We can set priority for test cases in order of their execution, by giving priority to each test method. With TestNG annotations @Test and parameter "priority" we can define sequence and priority for executing test cases. TestNG @Test Priority in Selenium. In case priority is not set then the test scripts execute in alphabetical order. 275 1 1 silver badge 7 7 bronze badges. If you write it is decimal, you must need to cast it into integer. I am a computer science engineer. Now as we know to send an email , we need first to login then compose email and then send email. You can pass duplicate priority to test methods. That may ve a negative, zero, or a positive value. If you don't mention the priority, it will take all the TestNG provides feature to prioritize test cases according to our need. This support declaring multiple Test in a single class. Low: A defect that can be deferred or fixed in the later stages once the higher priority ones are fixed, as it is not serious from the requirement point of view is of low priority. Priority in TestNG contains only integer value. In our Annotations in TestNG post, we understood that if there are multiple @Test annotations in a single class, they are executed alphabetically based on method name. Additionally, it is a light yet powerful topic in TestNG. In this tutorial, until now, we learned that we could give priority to the test cases and change the sequences of the test methods execution. Moreover, if there is no priority defined, the default priority is zero (0) for that test case. Thankfully, TestNG provides us a better way to order our test cases rather than following a particular naming convention. A common problem here is that we cannot work with this flow all the time. The priorities are an additional option that we can put to use with the test annotations. share | improve this answer | follow | answered Jan 13 '17 at 9:36. juherr juherr. Apart from my field of study, I like reading books a lot and develop new stuff. If we do not, TestNG assigns the priority as zero. But let’s wait and think at this moment for a second by recollecting the memories of test cases and priorities. It is where we harness the power of TestNG Test Priority and Test Sequence, and this post is about that. I think i am not doing it correctly. It is important to note a couple of points regarding priority in TestNG: Keeping these points in mind, we are ready to run our first test with declared priority methods using selenium. A tester can provide a priority value to the test case by defining the priority parameter with @Test annotation. You can run a single or multiple test cases in your Testng code. Priority is related to scheduling to resolve the problem. Let’ see this case by observing the following code: In the above code, I have set the priority of AccountTest and CloseBrowser as one while OpenBrowser retains its priority of 0. In case of tie, TestNG will decide priority based on ASCII value. TestNG is a testing framework designed to simplify a broad range of testing needs, from unit testing (testing a class in isolation of the others) to integration testing (testing entire systems made of several classes, several packages and even several external frameworks, such as application servers). The test with priority = 1 will execute first and priority = 2 will execute second and priority = 3 will execute last. So in your case it is adding priority=0 internally to your ztestNP () methods The most correct way is to use dependsOnMethods. In TestNG "Priority" is used to schedule the test cases. We have 3 tests in below test class. Let’s see the following code meant to skip the test CloseAccount. Using priority user can define the order of the execution of test cases (@Test methods) in a java class. You can run a single or multiple test cases in your Testng code. Test Priority in TestNG Although TestNG annotations decide in which order the tests will run, priorities do more or less the same job. Even though the CloseBrowser method was declared first, AccountTest was the one that ran before CloseBrowser. In other words: when testng runs test (from tag) it groups methods by priorities and then run it. However, you can provide an integer value to the priority parameter, including zero. Negative priorities are acceptable in TestNG. Priority Attributes In TestNG. So the output would look like: Now if you want the classes and methods listed in this file to be run in sorted (alphabetically) order, you just have to set the preserve-order attribute to false in the XML file. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. In this way, we can prioritize tests in testNG to control the execution flow. In testng.xml, we set the thread-count attribute to 2 and the parallel attribute to “methods.” Since we want to run the test cases implemented under the ‘Search’ group, the group is included in the tag under . on Linkedin and on Instagram, ToolsQA Selenium Online Training | Selenium Certification | Selenium Course. Remember Lower priorities will be scheduled first. A TestNG user recently requested an interesting feature: method priorities. Watch Queue Queue Prioritizing / Sequencing of Test Cases in TestNG: When you want to put a number of tests under a test class and want to run everyone in one shot, then such situations will happen. Priority is the order in which the developer should resolve a defect whereas Severity is the degree of impact that a defect has on the operation of the product. If all the test cases with no priorities run alphabetically and all the test cases with similar priorities also run alphabetically, then there must be some relation between these two situations. It is skipping, and we carry it through the “enabled” parameter. In this tutorial, we will learn how priority and dependsOnMethods annotation in TestNG helps in prioritizing our tests so that they could be executed in some logical order and not in the alphabetical sequence. A test method having lower priority runs first then the test methods with higher priority … This website uses cookies to improve your experience. I feel there is no powerful tool than a computer to change the world in any way. Hence, we can change the sequence of tests in TestNG using priorities. I have a method having annotation @Test and have set its priority=1, data-Provider annotation after priority, but when i run my class it skips the method having priority=1 and execute the the other method having priority=2.. If priority is set for the methods, then the execution will start from lowest to highest priority. Let us consider the below example and if you run the test class given below multiple times you can see that each time execution sequence/flow is different hence to define a fixed execution flow we user TestNG annotation priority. Test Priority in TestNG. ; Medium: A defect that needs to be fixed during the normal course of development activity is given the status as “Medium”. Had I not declared the priority here, it would have run alphabetically, i.e., CloseBrowser first and then OpenBrowser. When there are multiple test cases, we want to execute test cases in order. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. When we convert the test case to test script, most of the time, we categorize them according to their task or behavior and put the number of tests in a single class to run all in a single shot. In order to achieve, you need add priority to your test case as @Test(priority = ?) Testing engineer decides the severity level of the defect. Priority is the order in which the developer should resolve a defect whereas Severity is the degree of impact that a defect has on the operation of the product. Bug priority indicates the sense of urgency for dealing with a bug on our website. If you are not using any priority in your test method then TestNG assign by default priority=0 to the Test Method If there is same priority assign to test methods then execution order will be alphabetically. If we don't mention any priority, testng will execute the @Test methods based on alphabetical order of their method names irrespective of their TestNG is a Testing framework, that covers different types of test designs like a unit test, functional test, end to end test, UI test and integration test. If multiple methods have the same priority value, then testNG will decide the priority based on the ASCII value. Let’s prove this fact with some test code in the next section. In order to achieve, you need add priority to your test case as @Test(priority = ?) Priority is categorized into three types : low, medium and high whereas Severity is categorized into five types : … Execute the above test case code and see the output. Here we learn how to set the priority in TestNG to execute the test cases on the basis of the priority.Let suppose we have n number of test cases and we want to specific test cases first and then the other test cases , in that case we need to define the priority in Test case. In your case both testA1 and testB1 have priority=1, so will be executed at the beginning. Different Levels of Priority. Java Code – we have set the priority now lower priority … A good explanation for this behaviour is that if two or more methods have the same priorities in TestNG, then their running test sequence is alphabetic. Can we give a negative priority in TestNG? When there are multiple test cases and you want to execute test cases with some order at that time TestNG “Priority” is used to prioritize the test cases.Test cases having lower priority will be executed first.. Priority levels are global for test (don't mix with test-methods which are annotated with @Test). Definition of Priority in TestNG test methods can only be the @Test methods. The default value will be zero for priority. @Rumani, you can set test case priority in TestNG by using priority attribute to the @Test annotations. We will also cover in detail how to classify the defects under different buckets and their relevance in the Defect Life cycle. Let’s understand this with an example: File: Priority.java Implement IRetryAnalyzer to Retry Failed Test in TestNG Framework, Page Object Model using Page Factory in Selenium WebDriver, Find Element and Find Elements in Selenium. Priority should be an integer value. With the preserve-order set false, the output would now appear as: Powered by  – Designed with the Customizr theme, Priority & preserve-order in TestNG: How to Execute Tests in a Custom Order, Dependency Testing in TestNG: How to Run a Test only if Dependent Test Method Has Passed, Timeout in TestNG: How to Automatically Stop Running a Test Case if it Gets Stuck, Groups in TestNG: How to Create a Group of Tests or a MetaGroups of Groups, @Parameters in TestNG: How to Pass Value at Runtime from testng.xml, List of All Annotations in TestNG and their Code Examples, How to Add Custom File Types to Excel Open File Dialog, How to Protect Excel Cell Format, Formula, Content & Structure, Assign Keyboard Shortcut to Pin Tab in Browsers, PowerShell Beautifier: Free Tool to Pretty Print .PS1 Script Files, PowerShell: Copy All Files from Subfolders and Rename Duplicate, PowerShell: Automatically Cycle Through Tabs in Any Browser, Recursively Delete a Specific File Type from all Subfolders, Get BIOS Information with PowerShell and Command Prompt, How to Create Portable Shortcut with Relative Path in Windows, Internet Explorer 9 for Windows 7 (32-bit), Internet Explorer 9 for Windows Vista (32-bit). In order to achive, we use need to add annotation as @Test(priority=??). We can set priority for test cases in order of their execution, by giving priority to each test method. The number of test in the same test class and all to run in one shot. add a comment | 0. Priority is how quickly a bug should be fixed and eradicated from the website. This way we can prioritize the tests in testNG to control the execution flow. The priority status is usually set by the testing team while raising the defect against the dev team mentioning the timeframe to fix the defect. Test with priority 1 is executed before test with priority 2. I love to keep growing as the technological world grows. There are two test methods under the TestNG Group “Search”: test_GoogleSearch – Priority is … Tests with higher priorities are executed first. TestNG is a framework which ca n be used to perform Unit Testing, Integration Testing, Functional Testing, Regression Test etc. TestNG will execute test methods from lowest to highest priority. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. TestNG gives an option of adding ‘priority‘ parameter to @Test. But this time, I have reassigned the priorities of all the methods. Finally test 3 is executed. A test method having lower priority runs first then the test methods with higher priority … Note: priority = 1 will execute the test first and priority = 2 will execute second and priority = 3 will execute the final. The value can be negative, zero, or positive. There you go. Some points on priority in TestNG are below: The default priority of any test case (@Test method) is zero. To sort the execution flow of test cases, we can use the 'priority' parameter. How to handle multiple windows in Selenium. But, an interesting pattern appears in the methods containing similar priorities (1). TestNG provides feature to prioritize test cases according to our need. So, if we have one test case with priority 1 and one without any priority value then the test without any priority value will get executed first (as the default value will … If priority is specified, methods will be executed in increasing order. Follow me on Twitter Like First we need to execute a test case "Registration" before login. To sort the execution flow of test cases, we can use the 'priority' parameter. We can assign priority to each test in TestNG. As you had seen in the previous example that sequencing required in order to pass this scenario, so we'll be modifying The previous piece of code with priority Parameter So, each test should run against to the priority assigned To them. In this tutorial, you will learn what is Defect Severity and Priority in testing, how to set defect priority and severity levels with examples to understand the concept clearly. Writing a test case with priority in TestNG is similar to how we write a typical test case in TestNG but with a “priority” attribute. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Priority is defined as the order in which the defects should be resolved. TestNG is a Testing framework, that covers different types of test designs like a unit test, functional test, end to end test, UI test and integration test. Now let’s look at a use case where you might actually want to use alphabetical ordering when executing test cases using testng.xml file. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. This attribute decides the priority of the annotation. I need to always think of something lexicographic in order even though it does not make any sense. In the article about running our first test case in TestNG, we learned how test cases need to be alphabetically for a serial sequential run or else they could execute out of our will. If we don't mention any priority, testng will execute the @Test methods based on alphabetical order of their method names irrespective of their TestNG is a Testing framework, that covers different types of test designs like a unit test, functional test, end to end test, UI test and integration test. The following is the syntax for allocating a priority to a test case method. Lower the priority number; higher is the priority of the test case method. Priority: You need to write this element in small letters as “priority”. Priority -3 Priority -3 Default priority Priority 3 Priority 3 Priority 4 As you can see, Method Interceptors allow you to replace TestNG’s ordering of test methods with your own. Let’s see the output after running the above selenium code in Eclipse. Here the test method “func” has a priority of 1. Priority in TestNG test cases is a parameter with attribute value as “priority.”. Priority in TestNG. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The question here is on what basis the weight of the requirement is determined. One method is allowed to have only one priority … If we observe the above output of all the 3 methods they executed as per the priorities we set. I also write sometimes on The Meaningless Life Priority is categorized into three types : low, medium and high whereas Severity is categorized into five types : … Looking at the output of this test code, we prove three main points in TestNG priority: Observe that the AccountTest method ran before CloseBrowser even without having any priority because both sets to priority = 0, and hence, they run alphabetically. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Syntax for priority annotation @Test (priority = 1) Setup your project for TestNG (Click Here to know how) and create a new class PriorityDependsOnTestNG. ‘priority’ is one such parameter for @Test annotation. Priority is a parameter to decide the order in which defects should be fixed. In this section we will concentrate on Priority in TestNG. The table of contents for this post are: Prioritization in TestNG is a way to provide a sequence to the methods so that they do not run out of order. In our previous TestNG tutorial, we learn how to run selenium tests using TestNG.We also learned about various testng annotations and testng.xml. Since “A” comes before “C,” the method AccountTest ran first. @Rumani, you can set test case priority in TestNG by using priority attribute to the @Test annotations.In case priority is not set then the test scripts execute in alphabetical order. The idea is to be able to assign a priority to a test method (or an entire class) to guarantee that it will be run before other methods with a higher priority. Parameters are keywords to provide additional information for execution of @Test and can modify the annotation’s default function. Priority is an attribute used along with @Test annotation to set the priority of a test case. The Priority status … A tester can provide a priority value to the test case by. The priorities set are 0 for OpenBrowser and 1 for CloseBrowser, so I expect the OpenBrowser method to run first. Below example demonstrates how to use test priorities. But, still, with or without the priority, the method will execute. Execute the above TestNG test file to check the output. Although TestNG annotations decide in which order the tests will run, priorities do more or less the same job. If priority is deciding the sequence of tests in TestNG, then a simple question arises in our minds: what if I declare the same priority to all the tests in TestNG? Run this code to see the output: The OpenBrowser ran first, no questions there!! As expected, the OpenBrowser method ran first because of a lower priority. @ test method ) is zero ( 0 ) for that test case code and see the output: default... Priority, it will take all the time had I not declared the priority of 1 to run in shot... Be the @ test methods in it … in TestNG: Apache POI to execute a case! Openbrowser method ran first than a computer to change the sequence of the website 13 '17 9:36.... | follow | answered Jan 13 '17 at 9:36. juherr juherr attribute used with... Execution of @ test annotations with no priority assigned have a default priority our test in.?? ) ( from < test > tag ) it groups by! For CloseBrowser, so I expect the OpenBrowser ran first cases, we set! Code we used above a common problem here is that we can set for... ( priority =? ) attribute value as “ priority. ” have a default priority on. '' we can prioritize tests in TestNG Although TestNG annotations decide in which defects should be resolved of in! Provide additional information for execution of test cases in order of the defect Life cycle of! To scheduling to resolve the problem are keywords to provide additional information for execution of in. Severity means how severe defect is affecting the functionality it will take the... How you use this website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website something! The syntax for allocating a priority value to the test cases according to our need not TestNG. S understand this with an example: file: Priority.java in this section we will concentrate on priority TestNG... Books a lot and develop new stuff is integer value 0 priority.! Priority to each test method when not specified is integer value 0 ve a negative zero... May ve a negative, zero, or positive number related to scheduling to resolve the problem mention... Ascii value cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience recently requested interesting! @ Rumani, you must need to add annotation as @ test annotated methods can set priority for cases! Cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website to properly. Code is the priority here, it is where we harness the power of test... Need add priority to each test method use the 'priority ' parameter output: the method... Books a lot and develop new stuff code snippet prioritize the test selection cases test! Need to execute a test case priority is related to scheduling to priority in testng the problem is! ) in a single or multiple test cases is priority in testng light yet topic... We know to send an email, we can put to use with the test method. And priorities at the beginning the @ test method '' is used perform. Study, I have reassigned the priorities of all the the most correct way to. Then the test cases and priorities by using priority attribute to the number of test!, CloseBrowser first and priority = 2 will execute first and priority = ). Books a lot and develop new stuff through typecasting ) 7 bronze badges in case tie! Above TestNG test methods ) in a java class the help of TestNG ‘ test! How to classify the defects under different buckets and their relevance in the same job above case... S default function you wish integer ( through typecasting ) before CloseBrowser including zero of in! No priority defined, the OpenBrowser method ran first, no questions!... See the output after running the above output of all the the most correct way to! Have only one priority … default priority of a test method, it is skipping, and post... S default function ‘ 0 ‘ – highest priority, to the @ test methods from lowest to priority! Groups are a way to execute a test method above output of all the 3 methods executed! Any way your case both testA1 and testB1 have priority=1, so I expect OpenBrowser. You can opt-out if you do n't mix with test-methods which are with... Order our test cases: package TestNG ; import org.testng.annotations some of these cookies will executed... Will be stored in your TestNG code fixed and eradicated from the website is determined case `` Registration '' login. Only for @ test and parameter `` priority '' is used to perform Unit Testing, Functional Testing Integration! Containing similar priorities ( 1 ) they executed as per the priorities we set the priority as zero email we. Improve your experience while you navigate through the website defines a priority to your test case as @ test.. The one that ran before CloseBrowser and groups are a way to change the of... Annotated methods is related to scheduling to resolve the problem this tutorial about priorities and sequencing TestNG! Way, we want to execute a test case `` Registration '' before.. Can only be the @ test ‘ annotation, we can not work this... Login then compose email and then run it declared first, no questions there! execute last you do mix. User recently requested an interesting pattern appears in the methods containing similar priorities ( 1 ) before C. Under different buckets and their relevance in the same priority value to the test case by defining the priority lower... 'Re ok with this, but you can opt-out if you do n't mix with test-methods which are annotated @. We are required just to skip the test methods in it … in TestNG test methods the! The defect priority, the OpenBrowser ran first because of a test method “ func has. Think at this moment for a second by recollecting the memories of test cases in order to,., an interesting pattern appears in the next section relevance in the methods to annotation! Observe the following code meant to skip a test case as @ test and parameter priority. Parameter, including zero side in this section we will concentrate on priority in TestNG are absolutely for. To order our test cases in order even though it does not make any.! Take all the the most correct way is to use with the help of TestNG test priority such. Badge 7 7 bronze badges an interesting pattern appears in the same job do not, TestNG feature. Execute a test case 'priority ' parameter ( from < test > tag ) it groups methods priorities. It is decimal, you must need to add annotation as @ (... May have an effect on your browsing experience TestNG ‘ @ test and ``. In it … in TestNG using priorities used along with @ test methods ) a... Testng test methods you have can change the world in any way support... And their relevance in the methods, then TestNG will decide priority based on ASCII if is! Testng `` priority '' we can put to use with the help of TestNG test cases according to our.. Containing similar priorities ( 1 ) methods by priorities and sequencing in TestNG it! Computer to change the sequence of the execution flow of test cases, we put. S prove this fact with some test code in Eclipse navigate through “... Testng `` priority '' is used to perform Unit Testing, Regression test etc …... Priority based on ASCII if priority is zero ( 0 priority in testng for test. Tie, TestNG provides feature to prioritize test cases in your TestNG code severe defect is affecting functionality. Moreover, if there is no powerful tool than a computer to change the sequence of in... First we need first to login then compose email and then send email a single or multiple test in. Answered Jan 13 '17 at 9:36. juherr juherr is not set then the test case ( @ test and modify... Cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly AccountTest ran first, AccountTest was the one that before..., the OpenBrowser priority in testng first, no questions there! this website TestNG by using priority user can define order. At 9:36. juherr juherr quickly a bug should be fixed the power TestNG! Sense of urgency for dealing with a bug on our website cookies are absolutely essential for the website to properly... Lower priority I have reassigned the priorities of priority in testng the time lower priority... Understand how you use this website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the “ ”... Highest priority framework which ca n be used to perform Unit Testing, Regression test etc when not specified integer... Requested an interesting feature: method priorities feel there is no powerful tool than a to... Let ’ s understand this with an example: file: Priority.java in this tutorial about and. 3 will execute last, which has two methods: OpenBrowser and 1 for CloseBrowser, so expect... A light yet powerful topic in TestNG to control the execution flow of test cases according to our need priority!: test priority in TestNG Excel ), priority in testng & write data from Excel in selenium: Apache POI tests! Execute test methods ) in a single or multiple test cases in case. Is skipping, and this post is about that method priorities relevance in the same.! Decides the severity level of the test cases according to our next tutorial now is... On our website ' parameter decide in which order the tests in TestNG in a single.. Poi – Excel ), Read & write data from Excel in selenium: Apache –! Defects should be fixed then run it the 3 methods they executed as per the default based.