Leaves grow in opposite pairs, perpendicular to each other. Chickweed is classified in two different types of species, an annual and a perennial one. Foliage is generally glabrous (without hairs), although the petioles are hairy, and sometimes the base of the leaf is as well. Chickweed is a common annual weed that appears uninvited all across North America. Read this article to learn about the best way to kill chickweed before it … It emerges in mid-to-late summer and completes its life cycle the following spring. Chickweed Herbal and Edible Uses. One of the best defenses of lawn weed control, and against a chickweed infestation is to keep a lawn which is thick and lush. Types of Chickweed. Photos are included to help with weed id. Chickweed is a common annual weed of both cultivated and bare ground. As its common name suggests, it was used as feed for chickens and cage-birds and is still popular today. While it is native to Europe, it has spread to many temperate parts of the world and is naturalized in North America. Height 3-6" in sun; up to 18" in shade. Chickweed is one of the most common types of garden weeds. There are three species of chickweed: common Chickweed, Star Chickweed and Mouse-ear Chickweed. Stellaria media, Stellaria pubera. Although chickweed is an annual, it grows all season long and can go from flower to seed to germination in as little as five weeks. The common chickweed variety being the easiest to control. Common chickweed, an annual or overwintering native plant, is one of the commonest weeds of cultivated land in the UK. Although it prefers a rich soil, and so can be a good indicator of soil fertility, it is adaptable to a range of growing conditions. The leaves are oval shaped and hairy. Stellaria pubera is widespread and common. Chickweed’s a beautiful, petite green with a crisp texture and mild, sweet flavor reminiscent of corn silk that adds elegance to any plate it touches, especially giant juicy ones like the water chickweed above, which is my favorite. Chickweed is adaptable to all conditions and soil types with a preference for moist, well-watered soil. Seeds germinate in fall or late winter. Plants produce large quantities of quickly germinating seed throughout the year and can easily smother beds and borders if not promptly controlled. For those who worry about the safety of chickweed, it is completely safe to consume in moderation. Common chickweed is primarily a winter annual broadleaf in California, but in foggy coastal areas, it can survive year-round. Types of Chickweed. The treatment for both types of Chickweed is the same. Before it dies, each plant produces thousands of seeds that will germinate later that summer. Chickweed has bright green leaves with a classic "leaf" shape, sometimes slightly teardrop shaped. By Amy Drudge, Garden Advisor. Common chickweed is mostly prostrate, and often grows erect by growing on top of itself, forming small mounds or mats. Chickweed Herb Chickweed Herb Picture (c) Karen Bergeron. The older leaves of Common chickweed have stems (peduncles) while all the Mouse-ear chickweed leaves are sessile (no stems). Over time, it also became naturalized in North America and can be found in recipes and cultural specialties around the world. Common Chickweed (Stellaria media) Lawn Weed Identification and Control Tips. It has... Chickweed is another edible weed and wild plant that you can discover, harvest, and enjoy before... Chickweed is an annual weed that typically seeds in the fall and can grow vigorously during winter... Chickweed. Foliage is opposite, simple, and ovate to elliptical. Common Mouse-Ear Chickweed or Cerastium holosteoides is the one that you’ll most commonly find in your lawn. There are two types of chickweek, common and Mouseear. Stellaria media is the main species consumed as food and used medicinally, but there are other varieties that are often identifiable by a slightly coarser hairier-textured stem and leaves. For more information on other types of chickweed, you really should look at a more exhaustive guide or talk to a local plant expert. Chickweed is not a weed (at least to me). Habitat and range. As temperatures rise white flowers bloom in clusters at the end of a stem. It has paired leaves protruding opposite one another that have minimal fine hairs. Common chickweed is an annual weed, living for only one year. Common Mouse Ear Chickweed. There are a number of different types of chickweed all coming from the genus Stellaria. Chickweed is a common pesky winter weed that landowners have to deal with on an annual basis. Fortunately, annual chickweed is easier to control as long as you pull the weed when the plant is small and before it flowers. Common chickweed will grow in a wide range of soils but does particularly well in neutral pH soils with high nitrogen and poorly in low pH or acid soils. postii (Sinha, 1965) and subsp. Common chickweed is an annual weed, living for only one year. It is widely distributed over all soil types but is more abundant on lighter soils. The name "chickweed" most notably describes Common Chickweed (Stellaria media), although there are several other chickweeds, all in the genus Stellaria.Common Chickweed is a cool weather plant native to Europe that has widely naturalized in the United States and throughout the world. Featuring white, star-shaped flowers, chickweed also sports pairs of green leaves and straggling stems. Examples: fat hen, chickweed (pictured), groundsel, shepherd’s purse and speedwell. 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